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  1. Ru-Ni diatomic sites can effectively catalyze alkaline hydrogen oxidation with high activity, CO tolerance, and stability. 
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  2. Abstract Monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) is one of the most studied two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides that is being investigated for various optoelectronic properties, such as catalysis, sensors, photovoltaics, and batteries. One such property that makes this material attractive is the ease in which 2D MoS 2 can be converted between the semiconducting (2H) and metallic/semi-metallic (1T/1T′) phases or heavily n-type doped 2H phase with ion intercalation, strain, or excess negative charge. Using n -butyl lithium (BuLi) immersion treatments, we achieve 2H MoS 2 monolayers that are heavily n-type doped with shorter immersion times (10–120 mins) or conversion to the 1T/1T′ phase with longer immersion times (6–24 h); however, these doped/converted monolayers are not stable and promptly revert back to the initial 2H phase upon exposure to air. To overcome this issue and maintain the modification of the monolayer MoS 2 upon air exposure, we use BuLi treatments plus surface functionalization p-(CH 3 CH 2 ) 2 NPh-MoS 2 (Et 2 N-MoS 2 )—to maintain heavily n-type doped 2H phase or the 1T/1T′ phase, which is preserved for over two weeks when on indium tin oxide or sapphire substrates. We also determine that the low sheet resistance and metallic-like properties correlate with the BuLi immersion times. These modified MoS 2 materials are characterized with confocal Raman/photoluminescence, absorption, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy as well as scanning Kelvin probe microscopy, scanning electrochemical microscopy, and four-point probe sheet resistance measurements to quantify the differences in the monolayer optoelectronic properties. We will demonstrate chemical methodologies to control the modified monolayer MoS 2 that likely extend to other 2D transition metal dichalcogenides, which will greatly expand the uses for these nanomaterials. 
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  3. null (Ed.)
    The continuing interest in nanoscale research has spurred the development of nanosensors for liquid phase measurements. These include nanopore-based sensors typically employed for detecting nanoscale objects, such as nanoparticles, vesicles and biomolecules, and electrochemical nanosensors suitable for identification and quantitative analysis of redox active molecules. In this Perspective, we discuss conductive nanopipettes (CNP) that can combine the advantages of single entity sensitivity of nanopore detection with high selectivity and capacity for quantitative analysis offered by electrochemical sensors. Additionally, the small physical size and needle-like shape of a CNP enables its use as a tip in the scanning electrochemical microscope (SECM), thus, facilitating precise positioning and localized measurements in biological systems. 
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  4. null (Ed.)
  5. Abstract

    Electrochemical applications of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are of considerable current interest. Due to the large surface area exposed to solution, MOFs are potentially useful electrode materials for sensing inner‐sphere analytes, such as reactive oxygen species. Herein, we electrodeposited copper benzene tricarboxylate MOF (HKUST‐1) into the cavity of an open carbon nanopipette (CNP) to produce a CNP‐MOF nanoelectrode. Unlike electronically conductive metal or carbon electrodes, the electrochemical response of CNP–MOFs relies on oxidation/reduction of Cu(I)/Cu(II) nodes in the porous nanostructure. Nevertheless, sigmoidal steady‐state voltammograms with a well‐defined plateau current have been recorded for simple redox mediators, for example, ferrocenemethanol. A linear calibration curve obtained for the hydrogen peroxide reduction suggests that CNP–MOFs can potentially be useful as nanosensors for peroxide.

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