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  1. Earth-abundant Cu2BaSnS4-xSex (CBTSSe) represents a recent alter- native for Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 for solar energy conversion with a lower level of disorder and band tailing. We report the heterogeneous excited-state and trap-state pattern in different solution-processed CBTSSe films using ultrafast two-color pump-probe diffuse reflec- tance microscopic imaging. The spectroscopy/microscopy method can visualize and correlate the microscopic compositional and elec- tronic variations (i.e., trap states) in real space with time-resolved photophysics. Heterogeneity patterns in TAM images show that some grains exhibit a positive excited-state absorption (ESA) signal, while others show negative ground-state bleaching (GSB). Our re- sults visualize that film processing, such as air annealing and Na addition, has a clear influence on the heterogeneity of the excited- state pattern. Importantly, we report stable charge carrier over 100 ps. We applied the image principal component and histogram for quantitative analysis of TAM images to deconvolute and visu- alize the contribution and fingerprints of minority free carriers and sub-band-gap trapped carriers. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  3. 1-Methylhexylammonium tin iodide yields the lowest reported melting temperature ( T m = 142 °C) to date among lead-free hybrid perovskite semiconductors. Molecular branching near the organic ammonium group coupled with tuning of metal/halogen character suppresses T m and facilitates effective melt-based deposition of films with 568 nm absorption onset. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 29, 2024
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  6. Abstract

    Introducing chirality into organic/inorganic hybrid materials can impart chiroptical properties such as circular dichroism. The ability to tune chiroptical properties in self‐assembled materials can have important implications for spintronic and optoelectronic applications. Here, a chiral organic cation, (R/S)‐4‐methoxy‐α‐methylbenzylammonium, is incorporated to synthesize the bismuth‐based hybrid organic–inorganic metal halide semiconductor, (R/S‐MeOMePMA)BiI4. Thin films of this Bi‐based compound demonstrate large chiroptical responses, with circular dichroism anisotropy (gCD) values up to ≈0.1, close to the highest value observed in another chiral metal‐halide semiconductor, (R‐MBA2CuCl4). Detailed investigation reveals that this large gCDin (R/S‐MeOMePMA)BiI4is caused by the apparent CD effect. Careful selection of deposition conditions and the concomitant thin‐film orientation enables the control of gCD, with maximum value observed when its thin film has a well‐crystallized preferred (001) orientation parallel to the substrate. The results support a growing body of evidence that low symmetry plays an important role in achieving unusually large gCDin these chiral metal–halide materials and provides design rules for achieving large chiroptical response via morphology control.

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  7. Abstract

    Two-dimensional (2D) hybrid metal halide perovskites have emerged as outstanding optoelectronic materials and are potential hosts of Rashba/Dresselhaus spin-splitting for spin-selective transport and spin-orbitronics. However, a quantitative microscopic understanding of what controls the spin-splitting magnitude is generally lacking. Through crystallographic and first-principles studies on a broad array of chiral and achiral 2D perovskites, we demonstrate that a specific bond angle disparity connected with asymmetric tilting distortions of the metal halide octahedra breaks local inversion symmetry and strongly correlates with computed spin-splitting. This distortion metric can serve as a crystallographic descriptor for rapid discovery of potential candidate materials with strong spin-splitting. Our work establishes that, rather than the global space group, local inorganic layer distortions induced via appropriate organic cations provide a key design objective to achieve strong spin-splitting in perovskites. New chiral perovskites reported here couple a sizeable spin-splitting with chiral degrees of freedom and offer a unique paradigm of potential interest for spintronics.

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