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  1. Using archived student data for middle and high school students’ mathematics-focused intelligent tutoring system (ITS) learning collected across a school year, this study explores situational, achievement-goal latent profile membership and the stability of these profiles with respect to student demographics and dispositional achievement goal scores. Over 65% of students changed situational profile membership at some time during the school year. Start-of-year dispositional motivation scores were not related to whether students remained in the same profile across all unit-level measurements. Grade level was predictive of profile stability. Findings from the present study should shed light on how in-the-moment student motivation fluctuates while students are engaged in ITS math learning. Present findings have potential to inform motivation interventions designed for ITS math learning. 
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    Formal computational approaches in the realm of engineering and architecture, such as parametric modelling and optimization, are increasingly powerful, allowing for systematic and rigorous design processes. However, these methods often bring a steep learning curve, require previous expertise, or are unintuitive and unnatural to human design. On the other hand, analog design methods such as hand sketching are commonly used by architects and engineers alike, and constitute quick, easy, and almost primal modes of generating and transferring design concepts, which in turn facilitates the sharing of ideas and feedback. In the advent of increasing computational power and developments in data analysis, deep learning, and other emerging technologies, there is a potential to bridge the gap between these seemingly divergent processes to develop new hybrid approaches to design. Such methods can provide designers with new opportunities to harness the systematic and data-driven power of computation and performance analysis while maintaining a more creative and intuitive design interface. This paper presents a new method for interpreting human designs in sketch format and predicting their structural performance using recent advances in deep learning. The paper also demonstrates how this new technique can be used in design workflows including performance-based guidance and interpolations between concepts. 
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  3. Abstract

    This paper introduces the Simulated Jet Engine Bracket Dataset (SimJEB) [WBM21]: a new, public collection of crowdsourced mechanical brackets and accompanying structural simulations. SimJEB is applicable to a wide range of geometry processing tasks; the complexity of the shapes in SimJEB offer a challenge to automated geometry cleaning and meshing, while categorical labels and structural simulations facilitate classification and regression (i.e. engineering surrogate modeling). In contrast to existing shape collections, SimJEB's models are all designed for the same engineering function and thus have consistent structural loads and support conditions. On the other hand, SimJEB models are more complex, diverse, and realistic than the synthetically generated datasets commonly used in parametric surrogate model evaluation. The designs in SimJEB were derived from submissions to the GrabCAD Jet Engine Bracket Challenge: an open engineering design competition with over 700 hand‐designed CAD entries from 320 designers representing 56 countries. Each model has been cleaned, categorized, meshed, and simulated with finite element analysis according to the original competition specifications. The result is a collection of 381 diverse, high‐quality and application‐focused designs for advancing geometric deep learning, engineering surrogate modeling, automated cleaning and related geometry processing tasks.

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