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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  2. Vascularization is essential for realizing thick and functional tissue constructs that can be utilized for in vitro study platforms and in vivo grafts. The vasculature enables the transport of nutrients, oxygen, and wastes and is also indispensable to organ functional units such as the nephron filtration unit, the blood–air barrier, and the blood–brain barrier. This review aims to discuss the latest progress of organ-like vascularized constructs with specific functionalities and realizations even though they are not yet ready to be used as organ substitutes. First, the human vascular system is briefly introduced and related design considerations for engineering vascularized tissues are discussed. Second, up-to-date creation technologies for vascularized tissues are summarized and classified into the engineering and cellular self-assembly approaches. Third, recent applications ranging from in vitro tissue models, including generic vessel models, tumor models, and different human organ models such as heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, and brain, to prevascularized in vivo grafts for implantation and anastomosis are discussed in detail. The specific design considerations for the aforementioned applications are summarized and future perspectives regarding future clinical applications and commercialization are provided. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024
  3. Abstract

    The main purpose of this paper is to share the Mentoring for INnovative Design Solutions (MINDS) Scholars Program developed by Alpha Eta Mu Beta, the International Biomedical Engineering Honor Society. The program’s goals are to (1) introduce biomedical engineering students to an open-ended design experience as part of interuniversity teams with industry and faculty mentors, and (2) develop the ability to create designs considering clinical translatability on teams with different backgrounds and areas of expertise. MINDS uses an experiential learning approach to (1) enrich student curricular experiences through inter-institutional collaboration, (2) build engineering design skills, including three key design considerations for clinical/commercial success: intellectual property protection, regulatory strategy, and market identification; and (3) emphasize the importance of end-user considerations. From 2015 to 2022, MINDS has involved 131 students from 50 universities and 22 faculty and industry mentors. Pre- and post-program surveys show statistically significant improvements in understanding of the design process, regulatory strategy, intellectual property protection, market definition, and key product requirements and features. Students also improved communication and teamwork skills. Many students indicated that MINDS participation made them more likely to choose careers that involve product development and/or entrepreneurship. Students attained a working ability to integrate market needs, regulatory strategy, and intellectual property considerations into the design process. They also further developed soft skills, such as conflict resolution, time management, and effective communication through the challenges of inter-institutional collaboration. Additionally, the program heightened their awareness of how biomedical devices and technologies can benefit society.

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  4. null (Ed.)