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  1. Abstract The microscopic origins of emergent behaviours in condensed matter systems are encoded in their excitations. In ordinary magnetic materials, single spin-flips give rise to collective dipolar magnetic excitations called magnons. Likewise, multiple spin-flips can give rise to multipolar magnetic excitations in magnetic materials with spin S ≥ 1. Unfortunately, since most experimental probes are governed by dipolar selection rules, collective multipolar excitations have generally remained elusive. For instance, only dipolar magnetic excitations have been observed in isotropic S = 1 Haldane spin systems. Here, we unveil a hidden quadrupolar constituent of the spin dynamics in antiferromagnetic S = 1 Haldane chain material Y 2 BaNiOmore »5 using Ni L 3 -edge resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. Our results demonstrate that pure quadrupolar magnetic excitations can be probed without direct interactions with dipolar excitations or anisotropic perturbations. Originating from on-site double spin-flip processes, the quadrupolar magnetic excitations in Y 2 BaNiO 5 show a remarkable dual nature of collective dispersion. While one component propagates as non-interacting entities, the other behaves as a bound quadrupolar magnetic wave. This result highlights the rich and largely unexplored physics of higher-order magnetic excitations.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  2. Abstract
    <p>Data files for the manuscript &#34;Quadrupolar magnetic excitations in an isotropic spin-1 antiferromagnet&#34;.</p> <p>Reference: A. Nag, A. Nocera, S. Agrestini, M. Garcia-Fernandez, A. C. Walters, Sang-Wook Cheong, S. Johnston, and Ke-Jin Zhou, &#34;Quadrupolar magnetic excitations in an isotropic spin-1 antiferromagnet&#34;. arXiv:2111.03625 (2021).</p> <p>Preprint: arXiv:2111.03625 (2021), URL: https://arxiv.org/abs/2111.03625</p>
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 20, 2022
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 20, 2022
  5. Charge-density waves (CDWs) are a ubiquitous form of electron density modulation in cuprate superconductors. Unveiling the nature of quasistatic CDWs and their dynamical excitations is crucial for understanding their origin––similar to the study of antiferromagnetism in cuprates. However, dynamical CDW excitations remain largely unexplored due to the limited availability of suitable experimental probes. Here, using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering, we observe dynamical CDW excitations in Bi2Sr2LaCuO6+δ (Bi2201) superconductors through its interference with the lattice. The distinct anomalies of the bond-buckling and the bond-stretching phonons allow us to draw a clear picture of funnel-shaped dynamical CDW excitations in Bi2201. Our resultsmore »of the interplay between CDWs and the phonon anomalies shed light on the nature of CDWs in cuprates.« less
  6. In this study, we analyze 44 terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) detected by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) occurring in 2014–2016 in conjunction with data from the U.S. National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). We examine the characteristics of magnetic field waveforms measured by NLDN sensors for 61 pulses that occurred within 5 ms of the start-time of the TGF photon flux. For 21 (out of 44) TGFs, the associated NLDN pulse occurred almost simultaneously with (that is, within 200 μs of) the TGF. One TGF had two NLDN pulses within 200 μs. The median absolute time interval between the beginningmore »of these near-simultaneous pulses and the TGF flux start-time is 50 μs. We speculate that these RF pulses are signatures of either TGF-associated relativistic electron avalanches or currents traveling in conducting paths “preconditioned” by TGF-associated electron beams. Compared to pulses that were not simultaneous with TGFs (but within 5 ms of one), simultaneous pulses had higher median absolute peak current (26 kA versus 11 kA), longer median threshold-to-peak rise time (14 μs versus 2.8 μs), and longer median peak-to-zero time (15 μs versus 5.5 μs). A majority (77%) of our simultaneous RF pulses had NLDN-estimated peak currents less than 50 kA indicating that TGF emissions can be associated with moderate-peak-amplitude processes. The lightning flash associated with one of the TGFs in our data set was observed by a Lightning Mapping Array, which reported a relatively high-power source at an altitude of 25 km occurring 101 μs after the GBM-reported TGF discovery-bin start-time.« less
  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
  8. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023