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Abstract A metallic state with a vanishing activation gap, at a filling factor $$\nu = 8/5$$ ν = 8 / 5 in the untilted specimen with $$n= 2 \times 10^{11} cm^{2}$$ n = 2 × 10 11 c m  2 , and at $$\nu = 4/3$$ ν = 4 / 3 at $$n=1.2 \times 10^{11} cm^{2}$$ n = 1.2 × 10 11 c m  2 under a $$\theta = 66^{0}$$ θ = 66 0 tilted magnetic field, is examined through a microwave photoexcited transport study of the GaAs/AlGaAs 2 dimensional electron system (2DES). The results presented here suggest, remarkably, that at the possible degeneracy point of states with different spin polarization, where the 8/5 or 4/3 FQHE vanish, there occurs a peculiar marginal metallic state that differs qualitatively from a quantum Hall insulating state and the usual quantum Hall metallic state. Such a marginal metallic state occurs most prominently at $$\nu =8/5$$ ν = 8 / 5 , and at $$\nu =4/3$$ ν = 4 / 3 under tilt as mentioned above, over the interval $$1 \le \nu \le 2$$ 1 ≤ ν ≤ 2 , that also includes the $$\nu = 3/2$$ ν = 3 / 2more »

ABSTRACT We examined the influence of the microwave power on the diagonal resistance in the GaAs/AlGaAs two dimensional electron system (2DES), in order to extract the electron temperature and determine microwave induced heating as a function of the microwave power. The study shows that microwaves produce a small discernable increase in the electron temperature both at null magnetic field and at finite magnetic fields in the GaAs/AlGaAs 2DES. The heating effect at null field appears greater in comparison to the examined finite field interval, although the increase in the electron temperature in the zerofield limit appears smaller than theoretical predictions.