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B. Feng, B ; G. Pedrielli, G ; Peng, Y ; Shashaani, S. ; Song, E. ; Corlu, C. ; Lee, L. ; Chew, E. ; Roeder, T. ; Lendermann, P. (Ed.)Many tutorials and survey papers have been written on ranking & selection because it is such a useful tool for simulation optimization when the number of feasible solutions or “systems” is small enough that all of them can be simulated. Cheap, ubiquitous, parallel computing has greatly increased the “all of them can be simulated” limit. Naturally these tutorials and surveys have focused on the underlying theory of R&S and have provided pseudocode procedures. This tutorial, by contrast, emphasizes applications, programming and interpretation of R&S, using the R programming language for illustration. Readers (and the audience) can download the code and follow along with the examples, but no experience with R is needed.more » « less

Feng, B. ; Pedrielli, G ; Peng, Y. ; Shashaani, S. ; Song, E. ; Corlu, C. ; Lee, L. ; Chew, E. ; Roeder, T. ; Lendermann, P. (Ed.)Many tutorials and survey papers have been written on ranking & selection because it is such a useful tool for simulation optimization when the number of feasible solutions or “systems” is small enough that all of them can be simulated. Cheap, ubiquitous, parallel computing has greatly increased the “all of them can be simulated” limit. Naturally these tutorials and surveys have focused on the underlying theory of R&S and have provided pseudocode procedures. This tutorial, by contrast, emphasizes applications, programming and interpretation of R&S, using the R programming language for illustration. Readers (and the audience) can download the code and follow along with the examples, but no experience with R is needed.more » « less

Feng, B. ; Pedrielli, G ; Peng, Y. ; Shashaani, S. ; Song, E. ; Corlu, C. ; Lee, L. ; Chew, E. ; Roeder, T. ; Lendermann, P. (Ed.)The Rapid Gaussian Markov Improvement Algorithm (rGMIA) solves discrete optimization via simulation problems by using a Gaussian Markov random field and complete expected improvement as the sampling and stopping criterion. rGMIA has been created as a sequential sampling procedure run on a single processor. In this paper, we extend rGMIA to a parallel computing environment when q+1 solutions can be simulated in parallel. To this end, we introduce the qpoint complete expected improvement criterion to determine a batch of q+1 solutions to simulate. This new criterion is implemented in a new objectoriented rGMIA package.more » « less

Feng, B. ; Pedrielli, G ; Peng, Y. ; Shashaani, S. ; Song, E. ; Corlu, C. ; Lee, L. ; Chew, E. ; Roeder, T. ; Lendermann, P. (Ed.)The Rapid Gaussian Markov Improvement Algorithm (rGMIA) solves discrete optimization via simulation problems by using a Gaussian Markov random field and complete expected improvement as the sampling and stopping criterion. rGMIA has been created as a sequential sampling procedure run on a single processor. In this paper, we extend rGMIA to a parallel computing environment when q+1 solutions can be simulated in parallel. To this end, we introduce the qpoint complete expected improvement criterion to determine a batch of q+1 solutions to simulate. This new criterion is implemented in a new objectoriented rGMIA package.more » « less

Feng, B. ; Pedrielli, G ; Peng, Y. ; Shashaani, S. ; Song, E. ; Corlu, C. ; Lee, L. ; Chew, E. ; Roeder, T. ; Lendermann, P. (Ed.)Ranking&selection (R&S) procedures are simulationoptimization algorithms for making onetime decisions among a finite set of alternative system designs or feasible solutions with a statistical assurance of a good selection. R&S with covariates (R&S+C) extends the paradigm to allow the optimal selection to depend on contextual information that is obtained just prior to the need for a decision. The dominant approach for solving such problems is to employ offline simulation to create metamodels that predict the performance of each system or feasible solution as a function of the covariate. This paper introduces a fundamentally different approach that solves individual R&S problems offline for various values of the covariate, and then treats the realtime decision as a classification problem: given the covariate information, which system is a good solution? Our approach exploits the availability of efficient R&S procedures, requires milder assumptions than the metamodeling paradigm to provide strong guarantees, and can be more efficient.more » « less

Feng, B. ; Pedrielli, G ; Peng, Y. ; Shashaani, S. ; Song, E. ; Corlu, C. ; Lee, L. ; Chew, E. ; Roeder, T. ; Lendermann, P. (Ed.)Ranking & selection (R&S) procedures are simulationoptimization algorithms for making onetime decisions among a finite set of alternative system designs or feasible solutions with a statistical assurance of a good selection. R&S with covariates (R&S+C) extends the paradigm to allow the optimal selection to depend on contextual information that is obtained just prior to the need for a decision. The dominant approach for solving such problems is to employ offline simulation to create metamodels that predict the performance of each system or feasible solution as a function of the covariate. This paper introduces a fundamentally different approach that solves individual R&S problems offline for various values of the covariate, and then treats the realtime decision as a classification problem: given the covariate information, which system is a good solution? Our approach exploits the availability of efficient R&S procedures, requires milder assumptions than the metamodeling paradigm to provide strong guarantees, and can be more efficient.more » « less

When working with models that allow for many candidate solutions, simulation practitioners can benefit from screening out unacceptable solutions in a statistically controlled way. However, for large solution spaces, estimating the performance of all solutions through simulation can prove impractical. We propose a statistical framework for screening solutions even when only a relatively small subset of them is simulated. Our framework derives its superiority over exhaustive screening approaches by leveraging available properties of the function that describes the performance of solutions. The framework is designed to work with a wide variety of available functional information and provides guarantees on both the confidence and consistency of the resulting screening inference. We provide explicit formulations for the properties of convexity and Lipschitz continuity and show through numerical examples that our procedures can efficiently screen out many unacceptable solutions.more » « less

In their 2004 seminal paper, Glynn and Juneja formally and precisely established the rateoptimal, probability of incorrectselection, replication allocation scheme for selecting the best of k simulated systems. In the case of independent, normally distributed outputs this allocation has a simple form that depends in an intuitively appealing way on the true means and variances. Of course the means and (typically) variances are unknown, but the rateoptimal allocation provides a target for implementable, dynamic, datadriven policies to achieve. In this paper we compare the empirical behavior of four related replicationallocation policies: mCEI from Chen and Rzyhov and our new gCEI policy that both converge to the Glynn and Juneja allocation; AOMAP from Peng and Fu that converges to the OCBA optimal allocation; and TTTS from Russo that targets the rate of convergence of the posterior probability of incorrect selection. We find that these policies have distinctly different behavior in some settings.more » « less