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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  2. Simultaneous real-time monitoring of measurement and parameter gross errors poses a great challenge to distribution system state estimation due to usually low measurement redundancy. This paper presents a gross error analysis framework, employing μPMUs to decouple the error analysis of measurements and parameters. When a recent measurement scan from SCADA RTUs and smart meters is available, gross error analysis of measurements is performed as a post-processing step of non-linear DSSE (NLSE). In between scans of SCADA and AMI measurements, a linear state estimator (LSE) using μPMU measurements and linearized SCADA and AMI measurements is used to detect parameter data changesmore »caused by the operation of Volt/Var controls. For every execution of the LSE, the variance of the unsynchronized measurements is updated according to the uncertainty introduced by load dynamics, which are modeled as an Ornstein–Uhlenbeck random process. The update of variance of unsynchronized measurements can avoid the wrong detection of errors and can model the trustworthiness of outdated or obsolete data. When new SCADA and AMI measurements arrive, the LSE provides added redundancy to the NLSE through synthetic measurements. The presented framework was tested on a 13-bus test system. Test results highlight that the LSE and NLSE processes successfully work together to analyze bad data for both measurements and parameters.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  3. State-of-the art physics-model based dynamic state estimation generally relies on the assumption that the system’s transition matrix is always correct, the one that relates the states in two different time instants, which might not hold always on real-life applications. Further, while making such assumptions, state-of-the-art dynamic state estimation models become unable to discriminate among different types of anomalies, as measurement gross errors and sudden load changes, and thus automatically leads the state estimator framework to inaccuracy. Towards the solution of this important challenge, in this work, a hybrid adaptive dynamic state estimator framework is presented. Based on the Kalman Filtermore »formulation, measurement innovation analytical-based tests are presented and integrated into the state estimator framework. Gross measurement errors and sudden load changes are automatically detected, identified, and corrected, providing continuous updating of the state estimator. Towards such, the asymmetry index applied to the measurement innovation is introduced, as an anomaly discrimination method, which assesses the physics-model-based dynamic state estimation process in different piece-wise stationary levels. Comparative tests with the state-of-the-art are presented, considering the IEEE 14, IEEE 30, and IEEE 118 test systems. Easy-to-implement-model, without hard-to-design parameters, build-on the classical Kalman Filter solution, highlights potential aspects towards real-life applications.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2022
  4. In the modern power system networks, grid observability has greatly increased due to the deployment of various metering technologies. Such technologies enhanced the real-time monitoring of the grid. The collection of observations are processed by the state estimator in which many applications have relied on. Traditionally, state estimation on power grids has been done considering a centralized architecture. With grid deregulation, and awareness of information privacy and security, much attention has been given to multi-area state estimation. Considering such, state-of-the-art solutions consider a weighted norm of residual measurement model, which might hinder masked gross errors contained in the null-space ofmore »the Jacobian matrix. Towards the solution of this, a distributed innovation-based model is presented. Measurement innovation is used towards error composition. The measurement error is an independent random variable, where the residual is not. Thus, the masked component is recovered through measurement innovation. Model solution is obtained through an Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM), which requires minimal information communication. The presented framework is validated using the IEEE 14 and IEEE 118 bus systems. Easy-to-implement model, build-on the classical weighted norm of the residual solution, and without hard-to-design parameters highlight potential aspects towards real-life implementation.« less