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Creators/Authors contains: "Nikolopoulos, Dimitrios S."

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 28, 2025
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 27, 2025
  3. Exascale systems will suffer failures hourly. HPC programmers rely mostly on application-level checkpoint and a global rollback to recover. In recent years, techniques reducing the number of rolling back processes have been implemented via message logging. However, the log-based approaches have weaknesses, such as being dependent on complex modifications within an MPI implementation, and the fact that a full restart may be required in the general case. To address the limitations of all log-based mechanisms, we return to checkpoint-only mechanisms, but advocate data flow rollback (DFR), a fundamentally different approach relying on analysis of the data flow of iterative codes, and the well-known concept of data flow graphs. We demonstrate the benefits of DFR for an MPI stencil code by localising rollback, and then reduce energy consumption by 10-12% on idling nodes via frequency scaling. We also provide large-scale estimates for the energy savings of DFR compared to global rollback, which for stencil codes increase as n2 for a process count n. 
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