skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Ogawa, K."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Samples of the carbonaceous asteroid Ryugu were brought to Earth by the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. We analyzed seventeen Ryugu samples measuring 1-8 mm. CO 2 -bearing water inclusions are present within a pyrrhotite crystal, indicating that Ryugu’s parent asteroid formed in the outer Solar System. The samples contain low abundances of materials that formed at high temperatures, such as chondrules and Ca, Al-rich inclusions. The samples are rich in phyllosilicates and carbonates, which formed by aqueous alteration reactions at low temperature, high pH, and water/rock ratios < 1 (by mass). Less altered fragments contain olivine, pyroxene, amorphous silicates, calcite, and phosphide. Numerical simulations, based on the mineralogical and physical properties of the samples, indicate Ryugu’s parent body formed ~ 2 million years after the beginning of Solar System formation.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 22, 2023
  2. Echinoderms are an exceptional group of bilaterians that develop pentameral adult symmetry from a bilaterally symmetric larva. However, the genetic basis in evolution and development of this unique transformation remains to be clarified. Here we report newly sequenced genomes, developmental transcriptomes, and proteomes of diverse echinoderms including the green sea urchin (L. variegatus), a sea cucumber (A. japonicus), and with particular emphasis on a sister group of the earliest-diverged echinoderms, the feather star (A. japonica). We learned that the last common ancestor of echinoderms retained a well-organized Hox cluster reminiscent of the hemichordate, and had gene sets involved in endoskeleton development. Further, unlike in other animal groups, the most conserved developmental stages were not at the body plan establishing phase, and genes normally involved in bilaterality appear to function in pentameric axis development. These results enhance our understanding of the divergence of protostomes and deuterostomes almost 500 Mya.
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
  4. A bstract We present a search for the charged lepton-flavor-violating decays ϒ(1 S ) → ℓ ± ℓ ′ ∓ and radiative charged lepton-flavour-violating decays ϒ(1 S ) → γ ℓ ± ℓ ′ ∓ [ ℓ , ℓ ′ = e, μ, τ ] using the 158 million ϒ(2 S ) sample collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB collider. This search uses ϒ(1 S ) mesons produced in ϒ(2 S ) → π + π − ϒ(1 S ) transitions. We do not find any significant signal, so we provide upper limits on the branching fractions at the 90% confidence level.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
  5. A bstract We present the first measurement of the branching fraction of the singly Cabibbo-suppressed (SCS) decay $$ {\Lambda}_c^{+} $$ Λ c + → pη ′ with η ′ → ηπ + π − , using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 981 fb − 1 , collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB e + e − asymmetric-energy collider. A significant $$ {\Lambda}_c^{+} $$ Λ c + → pη ′ signal is observed for the first time with a signal significance of 5.4 σ . The relative branching fraction with respect to the normalization mode $$ {\Lambda}_c^{+} $$ Λ c + → pK − π + is measured to be $$ \frac{\mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_c^{+}\to p\eta^{\prime}\right)}{\mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_c^{+}\to {pK}^{-}{\pi}^{+}\right)}=\left(7.54\pm 1.32\pm 0.73\right)\times {10}^{-3}, $$ B Λ c + → pη ′ B Λ c + → pK − π + = 7.54 ± 1.32 ± 0.73 × 10 − 3 , where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. Using the world-average value of $$ \mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_c^{+}\to {pK}^{-}{\pi}^{+}\right) $$ B Λ c + → pK − π + = (6 . 28 ± 0 . 32) × 10 − 2 , we obtain $$ \mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_c^{+}\to p\eta^{\prime}\right)=\left(4.73\pm 0.82\pm 0.46\pm 0.24\right)\times {10}^{-4}, $$ Bmore »Λ c + → pη ′ = 4.73 ± 0.82 ± 0.46 ± 0.24 × 10 − 4 , where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and from $$ \mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_c^{+}\to {pK}^{-}{\pi}^{+}\right) $$ B Λ c + → pK − π + , respectively.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2023
  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  8. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2023
  9. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  10. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022