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Near Field Cosmology: Characterizing the Properties Leading to Radiation Leakage in Local Low- and Intermediate-Mass GalaxiesThe escape of radiation from galaxies is a frontier cosmology problem with wide-ranging implications for reionization, galaxy evolution and detection strategies for high-redshift systems. Low- and intermediate-mass galaxies may have played a crucial role in reionization at early times, and by studying their analogues in the local universe, we can test models of radiation escape in galaxies that are more observationally accessible. We present here our cross-sectional analyses of the characteristics of low-redshift galaxies from surveys including KISSR, LARS, and two Green Pea galaxy samples through various computational and visualization techniques. Local systems with measured high (> 0.1) Lyman-alpha escape fractions tend to have high equivalent widths in H-alpha (EWHA) and low Lyman-alpha red-peak velocity. The KISSR systems contain a population, in appearance resembling "purple peas", with potentially steep UV slopes and high EWHA (please see accompanying poster by Olivieri Villalvazo et al. at this meeting). These might represent a population of local starforming galaxies that are more common than, e.g., Green Pea galaxies, that also have potentially high Lyman-alpha, and likely Lyman-continuum, escape. These galaxies could potentially test theoretical models and advance studies of the "first-light" galaxies anticipated from the James Webb Space Telescope through characterizing the underlying physicalmore »
Near Field Cosmology: Translating Galaxy Properties to Lyman-alpha and Lyman-continuum escape fractionsWe present our analyses of 39 selected star-forming low- to intermediate-mass low-redshift galaxies from the KISSR survey. These galaxies were selected as being representative in the local volume of the kinds of early galaxies that might have hosted the first stars, and span a range of galaxy properties (EWHA, reddening, metallicity, stellar mass). The KISSR systems contain a population, in appearance resembling "purple peas", with potentially steep UV slopes and high equivalent widths in H-alpha. Using archival GALEX data and theoretical models of radiation transport in dusty galaxies with clumpy gas media, we translate measurements of the UV slopes of these low-mass low-z KISSR galaxies to their escape fractions in Ly-alpha (LyA) and Ly-continuum (LyC) radiation, confirming a relationship between a galaxy's steep UV spectral slope and a significant (> 0.1) LyA escape fraction. This relationship is seen in existing data of low- to intermediate-mass galaxies in the local volume (please see accompanying poster by Pilon et al. at this meeting). We also translate measured LyA escape fractions in the literature for 14 LARS galaxies and a few dozen green pea galaxies to their LyC escape fractions using similar modeling. This work was supported by the University of San Franciscomore »