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  1. null (Ed.)
  2. Abstract

    At the inaugural Frontiers in Hydrology Meeting in San Juan, Puerto Rico in the summer of 2022, the Hydrology Section organized a poster session and invited our 2020 and 2021 Classes of AGU Fellows, with the initial goal of both celebrating their careers as well as to provide an opportunity for an informal exchange and connection between the section's early career members and our more senior and established scientists and engineers. Due to the challenges of time zones, virtual poster presentations and other logistics, the formal poster session was adjourned but continued as a hybrid “meet‐up” with six of our Section's Fellows (Suzanne Anderson, Paul Brooks, Aaron Packman, Remko Uijlenhoet, Andrew Western, and Xubin Zeng) from around the world. As you will see, what started as an informal chat quickly took deep dives into pressing issues in our section and science in general, including thoughts on how our community values (or in some cases doesn't value) multi‐ and interdisciplinary accomplishments, critiques of our system of rewards and awards including how we assess publication impacts and finally, a frank and honest discussion of our current efforts to diversify our community and where/why are we still failing. We hope that by sharing this open and impromptu dialogue that these discussions can expand to our entire community, and to encourage future Fellows exchanges such as this to reach our entire community of scientists and engineers.

     
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  3. Despite decades of climate science research, existing climate actions have had limited impacts on mitigating climate change. Efforts to reduce emissions, for example, have yet to spur sufficient action to reduce the most severe effects of climate change. We draw from our experiences as Ojibwe knowledge holders and community members, scientists, and scholars to demonstrate how the lack of recognition of traditional knowledges (TK) within climate science constrains effective climate action and exacerbates climate injustice. Often unrecognized in science and policy arenas, TK generates insights into how justice-driven climate action, rooted in relational interdependencies between humans and older-than-human relatives, can provide new avenues for effectively addressing climate change. We conclude by arguing for a shift toward meaningful and respectful inclusion of plural knowledge systems in climate governance. 
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  4. Photomineralization, the transformation of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) to CO 2 by sunlight, is an important source of CO 2 in arctic surface waters. However, quantifying the role of photomineralization in inland waters is limited by the understanding of hydrologic controls on this process. To bridge this gap, this study evaluates mixing limitations, i.e. , whether and by how much vertical mixing limits the depth-integrated photomineralization rate, in freshwater systems. We developed a conceptual model to qualitatively assess mixing limitations across the range of light attenuation and hydrologic conditions observed in freshwaters. For the common case of exponential light attenuation over depth, we developed a mathematical model to quantify mixing limitation, and used this model to assess a range of arctic freshwater systems. The results demonstrate that mixing limitations are important when there is significant light attenuation by suspended sediment (SS), which is the case in some arctic, boreal and temperate waters. Mixing limitation is pronounced when light attenuation over depth is strong and when the photomineralization rate at the water surface exceeds the vertical mixing rate. Arctic streams and rivers have strong vertical mixing relative to surface photomineralization, such that model results demonstrate no mixing limitation regardless of how much SS is present. Our analysis indicates that well-mixed assumptions used in prior work are valid in many, but not all, arctic surface waters. The effects of mixing limitations in reducing the photomineralization rate must be considered in arctic lakes with high SS concentrations. 
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