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  1. null (Ed.)
    Abstract. Ice shelves play a critical role in the long-termstability of ice sheets through their buttressing effect. The underlyingbathymetry and cavity thickness are key inputs for modelling future icesheet evolution. However, direct observation of sub-ice-shelf bathymetry istime-consuming, logistically risky, and in some areas simply not possible.Here we use new compilations of airborne and marine gravity, radar depthsounding, and swath bathymetry to provide new estimates of sub-ice-shelfbathymetry outboard of the rapidly changing West Antarctic Thwaites Glacierand beneath the adjacent Dotson and Crosson ice shelves. This region is ofspecial interest, as the low-lying inland reverse slope of the ThwaitesGlacier system makes it vulnerable to marine ice sheet instability, withrapid grounding line retreat observed since 1993 suggesting this process maybe underway. Our results confirm a major marine channel >800 mdeep extends tens of kilometres to the front of Thwaites Glacier, while theadjacent ice shelves are underlain by more complex bathymetry. Comparison ofour new bathymetry with ice shelf draft reveals that ice shelves formedsince 1993 comprise a distinct population where the draft conforms closelyto the underlying bathymetry, unlike the older ice shelves, which show a moreuniform depth of the ice base. This indicates that despite rapid basalmelting in some areas, these recently floated parts of the ice shelf are notyet in dynamic equilibrium with their retreated grounding line positions andthe underlying ocean system, a factor which must be included in futuremodels of this region's evolution. 
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  2. ABSTRACT The catchments of Pine Island Glacier and Thwaites Glacier in the Amundsen Sea Embayment are two of the largest, most rapidly changing, and potentially unstable sectors of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. They are also neighboring outlets, separated by the topographically unconfined eastern shear margin of Thwaites Glacier and the southwest tributary of Pine Island Glacier. This tributary begins just downstream of the eastern shear margin and flows into the Pine Island ice shelf. As a result, it is a potential locus of interaction between the two glaciers and could result in cross-catchment feedback during the retreat of either. Here, we analyze relative basal reflectivity profiles from three radar sounding survey lines collected using the UTIG HiCARS radar system in 2004 and CReSIS MCoRDS radar system in 2012 and 2014 to investigate the extent and character of ocean access beneath the southwest tributary. These profiles provide evidence of ocean access ~12 km inland of the 1992–2011 InSAR-derived grounding line by 2014, suggesting either retreat since 2011 or the intrusion of ocean water kilometers inland of the grounding line. 
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