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Creators/Authors contains: "Padture, Nitin P."

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2024
  3. Abstract

    While grain boundaries (GBs) in conventional inorganic semiconductors are frequently considered as detrimental for photogenerated carrier transport, their exact role remains obscure for the emerging hybrid perovskite semiconductors. A primary challenge for GB-property investigations is that experimentally they need to be performed at the top surface, which is not only insensitive to depth-dependent inhomogeneities but also could be susceptible to topographic artifacts. Accordingly, we have developed a unique approach based on tomographic atomic force microscopy, achieving a fully-3D, photogenerated carrier transport map at the nanoscale in hybrid perovskites. This reveals GBs serving as highly interconnected conducting channels for carrier transport. We have further discovered the coexistence of two GB types in hybrid perovskites, one exhibiting enhanced carrier mobilities, while the other is insipid. Our approach reveals otherwise inaccessible buried features and previously unresolved conduction pathways, crucial for optimizing hybrid perovskites for various optoelectronic applications including solar cells and photodetectors.

  4. Abstract

    Two key interfaces in flexible perovskite solar cells (f‐PSCs) are mechanically reinforced simultaneously: one between the electron‐transport layer (ETL) and the 3D metal‐halide perovskite (MHP) thin film using self‐assembled monolayer (SAM), and the other between the 3D‐MHP thin film and the hole‐transport layer (HTL) using an in situ grown low‐dimensional (LD) MHP capping layer. The interfacial mechanical properties are measured and modeled. This rational interface engineering results in the enhancement of not only the mechanical properties of both interfaces but also their optoelectronic properties holistically. As a result, the new class of dual‐interface‐reinforced f‐PSCs has an unprecedented combination of the following three important performance parameters: high power‐conversion efficiency (PCE) of 21.03% (with reduced hysteresis), improved operational stability of 1000 hT90(duration at 90% initial PCE retained), and enhanced mechanical reliability of 10 000 cyclesn88(number of bending cycles at 88% initial PCE retained). The scientific underpinnings of these synergistic enhancements are elucidated.