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  1. In this paper, we study a sampling problem where a source takes samples from a Wiener process and transmits them through a wireless channel to a remote estimator. Due to channel fading, interference, and potential collisions, the packet transmissions are unreliable and could take random time durations. Our objective is to devise an optimal causal sampling policy that minimizes the long-term average mean square estimation error. This optimal sampling problem is a recursive optimal stopping problem, which is generally quite difficult to solve. However, we prove that the optimal sampling strategy is, in fact, a simple threshold policy where a new sample is taken whenever the instantaneous estimation error exceeds a threshold. This threshold remains a constant value that does not vary over time. By exploring the structure properties of the recursive optimal stopping problem, a low-complexity iterative algorithm is developed to compute the optimal threshold. This work generalizes previous research by incorporating both transmission errors and random transmission times into remote estimation. Numerical simulations are provided to compare our optimal policy with the zero-wait and age-optimal policies.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 7, 2024
  2. null (Ed.)
    In this paper, we study the problem of minimizing the age of information when a source can transmit status updates over two heterogeneous channels. Our work is motivated by recent developments in 5G mmWave technology, where transmissions may occur over an unreliable but fast (e.g., mmWave) channel or a slow reliable (e.g., sub-6GHz) channel. The unreliable channel is modeled as a time-correlated Gilbert-Elliot channel, where information can be transmitted at a high rate when the channel is in the "ON" state. The reliable channel provides a deterministic but lower data rate. The scheduling strategy determines the channel to be used for transmission with the aim to minimize the time-average age of information (AoI). The optimal scheduling problem is formulated as a Markov Decision Process (MDP), which in our setting poses some significant challenges because e.g., supermodularity does not hold for part of the state space. We show that there exists a multi-dimensional threshold-based scheduling policy that is optimal for minimizing the age. A low-complexity bisection algorithm is further devised to compute the optimal thresholds. Numerical simulations are provided to compare different scheduling policies. 
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  3. null (Ed.)