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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 29, 2024
  2. We studied a local normalization paradigm, namely weighted normalization, that better reflects the current understanding of the brain. Specifically, the normalization weight is trainable, and has a more realistic surround pool selection. Weighted normalization outperformed other normalizations in image classification tasks on Cifar10, Imagenet and a customized textured MNIST dataset. The superior performance is more prominent when the CNN is shallow. The good performance of weighted normalization may be related to its statistical effect of gaussianizing the responses. 
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  3. Abstract The control of the in-plane domain evolution in ferroelectric thin films is not only critical to understanding ferroelectric phenomena but also to enabling functional device fabrication. However, in-plane polarized ferroelectric thin films typically exhibit complicated multi-domain states, not desirable for optoelectronic device performance. Here we report a strategy combining interfacial symmetry engineering and anisotropic strain to design single-domain, in-plane polarized ferroelectric BaTiO 3 thin films. Theoretical calculations predict the key role of the BaTiO 3 /PrScO 3 $${({{{{{\boldsymbol{110}}}}}})}_{{{{{{\bf{O}}}}}}}$$ ( 110 ) O substrate interfacial environment, where anisotropic strain, monoclinic distortions, and interfacial electrostatic potential stabilize a single-variant spontaneous polarization. A combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy, piezoresponse force microscopy, ferroelectric hysteresis loop measurements, and second harmonic generation measurements directly reveals the stabilization of the in-plane quasi-single-domain polarization state. This work offers design principles for engineering in-plane domains of ferroelectric oxide thin films, which is a prerequisite for high performance optoelectronic devices. 
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  4. Abstract

    The superτ-charm facility (STCF) is an electron–positron collider proposed by the Chinese particle physics community. It is designed to operate in a center-of-mass energy range from 2 to 7 GeV with a peak luminosity of 0.5 × 1035cm−2·s−1or higher. The STCF will produce a data sample about a factor of 100 larger than that of the presentτ-charm factory — the BEPCII, providing a unique platform for exploring the asymmetry of matter-antimatter (charge-parity violation), in-depth studies of the internal structure of hadrons and the nature of non-perturbative strong interactions, as well as searching for exotic hadrons and physics beyond the Standard Model. The STCF project in China is under development with an extensive R&D program. This document presents the physics opportunities at the STCF, describes conceptual designs of the STCF detector system, and discusses future plans for detector R&D and physics case studies.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2025