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  1. Abstract We present a multiwavelength analysis of two flare-related jets on 2014 November 13, using data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (SDO/AIA), the Reuven High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI), the Hinode/X-ray Telescope (XRT), and the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS). Unlike most coronal jets, where hard X-ray (HXR) emissions are usually observed near the jet base, in these events HXR emissions are found at several locations, including in the corona. We carry out the first differential emission measure analysis that combines both AIA (and XRT, when available) bandpass filter data and RHESSI HXR measurements for coronal jets, and obtain self-consistent results across a wide temperature range and into nonthermal energies. In both events, hot plasma first appears at the jet base, but as the base plasma gradually cools, hot plasma also appears near the jet top. Moreover, nonthermal electrons, while only mildly energetic, are found in multiple HXR locations and contain large amounts of total energy. In particular, the energetic electrons that produce the HXR sources at the jet top are accelerated near the top location, rather than traveling from a reconnection site at the jet base. This means that there is more than one particle acceleration site in each event. Jet velocities are consistent with previous studies, including the upward and downward velocities around ∼200 km s −1 and ∼100 km s −1 , respectively, and fast outflows of 400–700 km s −1 . We also examine the energy partition in the later event, and find that the nonthermal energy in the accelerated electrons is most significant compared to the other energy forms considered. We discuss the interpretations and provide constraints on the mechanisms for coronal jet formation. 
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  2. Abstract A challenge in characterizing active region (AR) coronal heating is in separating transient (bursty) loop heating from the diffuse background (steady) heating. We present a method of quantifying coronal heating’s bursty and steady components in ARs, applying it to Fe xviii (hot 94) emission of an AR observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. The maximum-, minimum-, and average-brightness values for each pixel, over a 24 hr period, yield a maximum-brightness map, a minimum-brightness map, and an average-brightness map of the AR. Running sets of such three maps come from repeating this process for each time step of running windows of 20, 16, 12, 8, 5, 3, 1, and 0.5 hr. From each running window’s set of three maps, we obtain the AR’s three corresponding luminosity light curves. We find (1) the time-averaged ratio of minimum-brightness-map luminosity to average-brightness-map luminosity increases as the time window decreases, and the time-averaged ratio of maximum-brightness-map luminosity to average-brightness-map luminosity decreases as the window decreases; (2) for the 24 hr window, the minimum-brightness map’s luminosity is 5% of the average-brightness map’s luminosity, indicating that at most 5% of the AR’s hot 94 luminosity is from heating that is steady for 24 hr; (3) this upper limit on the fraction of the hot 94 luminosity from steady heating increases to 33% for the 30 minute running window. This requires that the heating of the 4–8 MK plasma in this AR is mostly in bursts lasting less than 30 minutes: at most a third of the heating is steady for 30 minutes. 
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