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  1. Abstract This work examines the pinning enhancement in BaZrO 3 (BZO) +Y 2 O 3 doubly-doped (DD) YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7 (YBCO) nanocomposite multilayer (DD-ML) films. The film consists of two 10 nm thin Ca 0.3 Y 0.7 Ba 2 Cu 3 O 7-x (CaY-123) spacers stacking alternatively with three BZO + Y 2 O 3 /YBCO layers of 50 nm each in thickness that contain 3 vol% of Y 2 O 3 and BZO doping in the range of 2–6 vol%. Enhanced magnetic vortex pinning and improved pinning isotropy with respect to the orientation of magnetic field (B) have been achieved in the DD-ML samples at lower BZO doping as compared to that in the single-layer counterparts (DD-SL) without the CaY-123 spacers. For example, the pinning force density ( F p ) of ∼58 GNm −3 in 2 vol.% of DD-ML film is ∼110% higher than in 2 vol% of DD-SL at 65 K and B // c -axis, which is attributed to the improved pinning efficiency by c -axis aligned BZO nanorods through diffusion of Calcium (Ca) along the tensile-strained channels at BZO nanorods/YBCO interface for improvement of the interface microstructure and hence pinning efficiency of BZO nanorods. An additional benefit is in the considerably improved J c ( θ ) and reduced J c anisotropy in the former over the entire range of the B orientations. However, at higher BZO doping, the BZO nanorods become segmented and misoriented, which may change the Ca diffusion pathways and reduce the benefit of Ca in improving the pinning efficiency of BZO nanorods. 
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  3. Abstract

    Graphene, a single layer conductor, can be combined with other functional materials for building efficient optoelectronic devices. However, transferring large‐area graphene onto another material often involves dipping the material into water and other solvents. This process is incompatible with water‐sensitive materials such as organometal halide perovskites. Here, a dry method is used and succeeded, for the first time, in stacking centimeter‐sized graphene directly onto methylammonium lead iodide thin films without exposing the perovskite film to any liquid. Photoemission spectroscopy and nanosecond time‐resolved photoelectrical measurement show that the graphene/perovskite interface does not contain significant amount of contaminants and sustain efficient interfacial electron transfer. The use of this method in fabricating graphene‐on‐perovskite photodetectors is further demonstrated. Besides a better photoresponsivity compared to detectors fabricated by the conventional perovskite‐on‐graphene structure, this dry transfer method provides a scalable pathway to incorporate graphene in multilayer devices based on water‐sensitive materials.

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