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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  2. Utilizing the N -heterocyclic chalcogenones hexahydro-1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-2 H -1,3-diazepine-2-thione ( SDiazMesS ) and hexahydro-1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-2 H -1,3-diazepine-2-selone ( SDiazMesSe ) as halogen-bond acceptors, a total of 24 new cocrystals were prepared. The solid-state structures of the parent molecules were also determined, along with those of their acetonitrile solvates. Through the reaction of the chalcogen atom with molecular diiodine, a variety of S—I—I and Se—I—I fragments were formed, spanning a wide range of I—I bond orders. With acetone as a reaction solvent, molecular diiodine causes the oxidative addition of acetone to the chalcogen atom, resulting in new C—S, C—Se and C—C covalent bonds under mild conditions. The common halogen-bond donors, iodopentafluorobenzene, 1,2-, 1,3- and 1,4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene, 1,3,5-trifluorotriiodobenzene and tetraiodoethylene resulted in halogen-bond-driven cocrystal formation. In most cases, the analogous SDiazMesS and SDiazMesSe cocrystals are isomorphic.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  3. By varying the halogen-bond-donor molecule, 11 new halogen-bonding cocrystals involving thiourea or 1,3-dimethylthiourea were obtained, namely, 1,3-dimethylthiourea–1,2-diiodo-3,4,5,6-tetrafluorobenzene (1/1), C 6 F 4 I 2 ·C 3 H 8 N 2 S, 1 , thiourea–1,3-diiodo-2,4,5,6-tetrafluorobenzene (1/1), C 6 F 4 I 2 ·CH 4 N 2 S, 2 , 1,3-dimethylthiourea–1,3-diiodo-2,4,5,6-tetrafluorobenzene (1/1), C 6 F 4 I 2 ·C 3 H 8 N 2 S, 3 , 1,3-dimethylthiourea–1,3-diiodo-2,4,5,6-tetrafluorobenzene–methanol (1/1/1), C 6 F 4 I 2 ·C 3 H 8 N 2 S·CH 4 O, 4 , 1,3-dimethylthiourea–1,3-diiodo-2,4,5,6-tetrafluorobenzene–ethanol (1/1/1), C 6 F 4 I 2 ·C 3 H 8 N 2 S·C 2 H 6 O, 5 , 1,3-dimethylthiourea–1,4-diiodo-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorobenzene (1/1), C 6 F 4 I 2 ·C 3 H 8 N 2 S, 6 , 1,3-dimethylthiourea–1,3,5-trifluoro-2,4,6-triiodobenzene (1/1), C 6 F 3 I 3 ·C 3 H 8 N 2 S, 7 , 1,3-dimethylthiourea–1,1,2,2-tetraiodoethene (1/1), C 6 H 16 N 4 S 2 ·C 2 I 4 , 8 , [(dimethylamino)methylidene](1,2,2-triiodoethenyl)sulfonium iodide–1,1,2,2-tetraiodoethene–acetone (1/1/1), C 5 H 8 I 3 N 2 S + ·I − ·C 3 H 6 O·C 2 I 4 , 9 , 2-amino-4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-3-ium iodide–1,1,2,2-tetraiodoethene (2/3), 2C 4 H 7 N 2 S + ·2I − ·3C 2 I 4 ,more »10 , and 4,4-dimethyl-4 H -1,3,5-thiadiazine-3,5-diium diiodide–1,1,2,2-tetraiodoethene (2/3), 2C 5 H 12 N 4 S 2+ ·4I − ·3C 2 I 4 , 11 . When utilizing the common halogen-bond-donor molecules 1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene, as well as 1,3,5-trifluoro-2,4,6-triiodobenzene, bifurcated I...S...I interactions were observed, resulting in the formation of isolated rings, chains, and sheets. Tetraiodoethylene (TIE) provided I...S...I cocrystals as well, but further yielded a sulfonium-containing product through the reaction of the S atom with TIE. This particular sulfonium motif is the first of its kind to be structurally characterized, and is stabilized in the solid state through a three-dimensional I...I halogen-bonding network. Thiourea reacted with acetone in the presence of TIE to provide two novel heterocyclic products, again stabilized in the solid state through I...I halogen bonding.« less
  4. Through variations in reaction solvent and stoichiometry, a series of S-diiodine adducts of 1,3- and 1,4-dithiane were isolated by direct reaction of the dithianes with molecular diiodine in solution. In the case of 1,3-dithiane, variations in reaction solvent yielded both the equatorial and the axial isomers of S-diiodo-1,3-dithiane, and their solution thermodynamics were further studied via DFT. Additionally, S,S’-bis(diiodo)-1,3-dithiane was also isolated. The 1:1 cocrystal, (1,4-dithiane)·(I2) was further isolated, as well as a new polymorph of S,S’-bis(diiodo)-1,4-dithiane. Each structure showed significant S···I halogen and chalcogen bonding interactions. Further, the product of the diiodine-promoted oxidative addition of acetone to 1,4-dithiane, as well as two new cocrystals of 1,4-dithiane-1,4-dioxide involving hydronium, bromide, and tribromide ions, was isolated.