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  1. Carrier aggregation (CA) is an important component technology in 5G and beyond. It aggregates multiple spectrum fragments to serve a mobile device. However, the current CA suffers under both high mobility and increased spectrum space. The limitations are rooted in its sequential, cell-by-cell operations. In this work, we propose CA++, which departs from the current paradigm and explores a group-based design scheme. We thus propose new algorithms that enable concurrent channel inference by measuring one or few cells but inferring all, while minimizing measurement cost via set cover approximations. Our evaluations have confirmed the effectiveness of CA++. Our solution can also be adapted to fit in the current 5G OFDM PHY and the 3GPP framework. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 10, 2024
  2. Edge-assisted video analytics is gaining momentum. In this work, we tackle an important problem to compress video content live streamed from the device to the edge without scarifying accuracy and timeliness of its video analytics. We find that on-device processing can be tuned over a larger configuration space for more video compression, which was largely overlooked. Inspired by our pilot study, we design VPPlus to fulfill the potentials to compress the video as much as we can, while preserving analytical accuracy. VPPlus incorporates two core modules – offline profiling and online adaptation – to generate proper feedback automatically and quickly to tune on-device processing. We validate the effectiveness and efficiency of VPPlususing five object detection tasks over two popular datasets; VPPlus outperforms the state-of-art approaches in almost all the cases. 
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  4. Cellular service carriers often employ reactive strategies to assist customers who experience non-outage related individual service degradation issues (e.g., service performance degradations that do not impact customers at scale and are likely caused by network provisioning issues for individual devices). Customers need to contact customer care to request assistance before these issues are resolved. This paper presents our experience with PACE (ProActive customer CarE), a novel, proactive system that monitors, troubleshoots and resolves individual service issues, without having to rely on customers to first contact customer care for assistance. PACE seeks to improve customer experience and care operation efficiency by automatically detecting individual (non-outage related) service issues, prioritizing repair actions by predicting customers who are likely to contact care to report their issues, and proactively triggering actions to resolve these issues. We develop three machine learning-based prediction models, and implement a fully automated system that integrates these prediction models and takes resolution actions for individual customers.We conduct a large-scale trace-driven evaluation using real-world data collected from a major cellular carrier in the US, and demonstrate that PACE is able to predict customers who are likely to contact care due to non-outage related individual service issues with high accuracy. We further deploy PACE into this cellular carrier network. Our field trial results show that PACE is effective in proactively resolving non-outage related individual customer service issues, improving customer experience, and reducing the need for customers to report their service issues. 
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