skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Peng, W."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) mutagenesis offers important advantages for improving crops, such as cotton, with limited diversity in elite gene pools. EMS-induced point mutations are less frequently associated with deleterious traits than alleles from wild or exotic germplasm. From 157 mutant lines that have significantly improved fiber properties, we focused on nine mutant lines here. A total of eight populations were developed by crossing mutant lines in different combinations into GA230 (GA2004230) background. Multiple lines in each population were significantly improved for the fiber trait that distinguished the donor parent(s), demonstrating that an elite breeding line (GA230) could be improved for fiber qualities using the mutant lines. Genotypes improved for multiple fiber traits of interest suggesting that allele pyramiding is possible. Compared to midparent values, individual progeny in the population conferred fiber quality improvements of as much as 31.7% (in population O) for micronaire (MIC), 16.1% (in population P) for length, 22.4% (in population K) for strength, 4.1% (in population Q) for uniformity, 45.8% (in population N) for elongation, and 13.9% (in population O) for lint percentage (lint%). While further testing for stability of the phenotype and estimation of yield potential is necessary, mutation breeding shows promise as an approach tomore »reduce the problem of the genetic bottleneck of upland cotton. The populations developed here may also contribute to identifying candidate genes and causal mutations for fiber quality improvement.« less
  2. A concentration-gradient composition is proposed as an effective approach to solve the mechanical degradation and improve the electrochemical cyclability for cathodes of sodium-ion batteries. Concentration-gradient shell NaxNiyMn1-yFe(CN)6·nH2O, in which the Ni content gradually increases from the interior to the particle surface, is synthesized by a facile co-precipitation process. The as-obtained cathode exhibits an improved electrochemical performance compared to homogeneous NaxMnFe(CN)6·nH2O, delivering a high reversible specific capacity of 110 mA h g-1 at 0.2 C and outstanding cycling stability (93% retention after 1000 cycles at 5 C). The improvement of electrochemical performance can be attributed to its robust microstructure that effectively alleviates the electrochemically induced stresses and accumulated damage during sodiation/desodiation and thus prevents the initiation of fracture in the particles upon long term cycling. These findings render a prospective strategy to develop high-performance electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries.
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2024