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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
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  3. A series of dibenzannulated phenyl-annulated [4,2] peri -acenoacenes have been synthesized in three straightforward steps from 4,10-dibromoanthanthrone (vat orange 3). The phenyl bisannulation of [4,2] peri -acenoacene provides extra stability by increasing the overall aromatic character of the molecules, and allows for a 45–80% increase of the molar extinction coefficient ( ε ) compared to their [5,2] peri -acenoacene isomers. Depending on the substituents attached to the π-conjugated core, some derivatives exhibit strong aggregation in the solid state with association constant ( K a ) up to 255 M −1 , resulting in a significant broadening of the absorption spectrum and a substantial decrease of the bandgap value (more than 0.3 V) from solution to the solid state. One [4,2] peri -acenoacene derivative was doubly reduced using cesium and the crystal structure of the resulting salt has been obtained. Field-effect transistors showing a temperature-dependent hole mobility have been tested. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 27, 2024
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  7. Aromaticity is one of the most deeply rooted concepts in chemistry. But why, if two-thirds of existing compounds can be classified as aromatic, is there no consensus on what aromaticity is? σ−, π−, δ−, spherical, Möbius, or all-metal aromaticity… why are so many attributes needed to specify a property? Is aromaticity a dubious concept? This perspective aims to reflect where the aromaticity community is and where it is going. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2024
  8. Unusual intermolecular π-stacking in a new charge transfer salt of pyrene (Py), (Py) 2 + (Ga 2 Cl 7 ) − , has been observed. The structure obtained by single crystal X-ray crystallography indicates π-stacks of pyrene which were analyzed using a combination of density functional theory and the analysis of the bond length alternation patterns in the pyrene molecules in different charge states. There are relatively few crystal structures of charge transfer salts of pyrene in the literature, and this structure shows a unique charge separation in which half of the pyrenes are nearly neutral while the other half carry approximately +1 charge in an alternating fashion along the 1D stacks balancing one electron charge transfer to each (Ga 2 Cl 7 ) − anion. The charge localization is attributed to the incomplete inter-pyrene overlap of the singly occupied molecular orbitals. 
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  9. The chemical reduction of a corannulene-based molecular nanographene, C 76 H 64 (1), with Na metal in the presence of 18-crown-6 afforded the doubly-reduced state of 1. This reduction provokes a distortion of the helicene core and has a significant impact on the aromaticity of the system. 
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  10. We describe reductive dehydrogenative cyclizations that form hepta-, nona-, and decacyclic anionic graphene subunits from mono- and bis-helicenes with an embedded five-membered ring. The reaction of bis-helicenes can either proceed to the full double annulation or be interrupted by addition of molecular oxygen at an intermediate stage. The regioselectivity of the interrupted cyclization cascade for bis-helicenes confirms that relief of antiaromaticity is a dominant force for these facile ring closures. Computational analysis reveals the unique role of the preexisting negatively charged cyclopentadienyl moiety in directing the second negative charge at a specific remote location and, thus, creating a localized antiaromatic region. This region is the hotspot that promotes the initial cyclization. Computational studies, including MO analysis, molecular electrostatic potential maps, and NICS(1.7)ZZ calculations, evaluate the interplay of the various effects including charge delocalization, helicene strain release, and antiaromaticity. The role of antiaromaticity relief is further supported by efficient reductive closure of the less strained monohelicenes where the relief of antiaromaticity promotes the cyclization even when the strain is substantially reduced. The latter finding significantly expands the scope of this reductive alternative to the Scholl ring closure. 
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