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  1. Optical bandpass filters can be utilized to suppress parasitic broadband spectral power prior to laser amplification but are typically designed around specific frequencies or require manual adjustment, thus limiting their compatibility with highly tunable or integrated laser systems. In this Letter, we introduce a self-adaptive volume holographic filter using the dynamic two-beam coupling interaction in photorefractiveBaTiO3, demonstrating−<#comment/>10dBsuppression of amplified spontaneous emission noise surrounding a tunable 780 nm diode laser peak, with<<#comment/>2nmfilter bandwidth and 50% power throughput. The spectral filtering is automatically centered on the lasing mode, with an estimated auto-tuning rate of 100 GHz/s under typical conditions. Furthermore, the filter suppression and bandwidth can be optimized via the two-beam coupling intensity ratio and angle, respectively, for versatile control over the self-adaptive filter characteristics.

  2. Abstract

    Plasmonic nanocathodes offer unique opportunities for optically driving, switching, and steering femtosecond photocurrents in nanoelectronic devices and pulsed electron sources. However, angular photocurrent distributions in nanoplasmonic systems remain poorly understood and are therefore difficult to anticipate and control. Here, we provide a direct momentum-space characterization of multiphoton photoemission from plasmonic gold nanostars and demonstrate all-optical control over these currents. Versatile angular control is achieved by selectively exciting different tips on single nanostars via laser frequency or linear polarization, thereby rotating the tip-aligned directional photoemission as observed with angle-resolved 2D velocity mapping and 3D reconstruction. Classical plasmonic field simulations combined with quantum photoemission theory elucidate the role of surface-mediated nonlinear excitation for plasmonic field enhancements highly concentrated at the sharp tips (Rtip = 3.4 nm). We thus establish a simple mechanism for femtosecond spatiotemporal current control in designer nanosystems.