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Creators/Authors contains: "Potter, Jody D."

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  1. Abstract

    River networks play a crucial role in the global carbon cycle, as relevant sources of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere. Advancements in high‐frequency monitoring in aquatic environments have enabled measurement of dissolved CO2concentration at temporal resolutions essential for studying carbon variability and evasion from these dynamic ecosystems. Here, we describe the adaptation, deployment, and validation of an open‐source and relatively low‐cost in situpCO2sensor system for lotic ecosystems, the lotic‐SIPCO2. We tested the lotic‐SIPCO2 in 10 streams that spanned a range of land cover and basin size. Key system adaptations for lotic environments included prevention of biofouling, configuration for variable stage height, and reduction of headspace equilibration time. We then examined which input parameters contribute the most to uncertainty in estimating CO2emission rates and found scaling factors related to the gas exchange velocity were the most influential when CO2concentration was significantly above saturation. Near saturation, sensor measurement ofpCO2contributed most to uncertainty in estimating CO2emissions. We also found high‐frequency measurements ofpCO2were not necessary to accurately estimate median emission rates given the CO2regimes of our streams, but daily to weekly sampling was sufficient. High‐frequency measurements ofpCO2remain valuable for exploring in‐stream metabolic variability, source partitioning, and storm event dynamics. Our adaptations to the SIPCO2 offer a relatively affordable and robust means of monitoring dissolved CO2in lotic ecosystems. Our findings demonstrate priorities and related considerations in the design of monitoring projects of dissolved CO2and CO2evasion dynamics more broadly.

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  2. Stream water was collected at weekly to monthly intervals at 29 stream sites in New Hampshire (USA). Ten of the stream sites were instrumented with high‐frequency sensors. Twenty-one of the stream sites (including 5 sensor sites) are in the Lamprey River Hydrologic Observatory (LRHO; Wymore et al 2021) and two stream sites were nearby the LRHO. Groundwater was collected from two riparian well fields (JF, 14 wells and WHB, 13 wells). Wells were installed in 2004 and sampled monthly through May 2007, then quarterly until December 2009, after which a subset (JF, 6 and WHB, 5) was generally sampled quarterly. Stream and groundwater samples span a 17-year collection period and were analyzed for sodium, chloride and specific conductance. Methods and findings are described in the associated Limnology and Oceanography Letters manuscript. 
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  3. Abstract

    The Lamprey River Hydrological Observatory (LRHO) is a lowland coastal watershed in southeastern New Hampshire (USA). The LRHO offers a platform to investigate the effects of suburbanization and changing seasonality on watershed hydrology, biogeochemistry, and nutrient export to an estuarine ecosystem. The LRHO utilizes a nested‐watershed design to examine headwater stream and main‐stem river dynamics distributed across a mixed land‐use environment. Data sets from the LRHO now comprise over 20 years of weekly grab sample data as well as 7 years of high‐frequency sensor data. Collectively these data sets include measures of discharge, dissolved organic matter, nutrients, cations and anions, greenhouse gases, and other physio‐chemical properties. Here we share information on the setting and motivating questions of the LRHO and data availability.

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  4. Abstract

    Catchments in the Luquillo Experimental Forest (LEF) of Puerto Rico are warm, wet and tropical with steep elevational relief creating gradients in temperature and rainfall. Long‐term objectives of research at the site are to understand how changing climate and disturbance regimes alter hydrological and biogeochemical processes in the montane tropics and to provide information critical for managing and conserving tropical forest ecosystems globally. Measurements of hydrology and meteorology span decades, and currently include temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloud base level, throughfall, groundwater table elevation and stream discharge. The chemistry of rain, throughfall, and streams is measured weekly and lysimeters and wells are sampled monthly to quarterly. Multiple data sets document the effects of major hurricanes including Hugo (1989), Georges (1998) and Maria (2017) on vegetation, biota and catchment biogeochemistry and provide some of the longest available records of biogeochemical fluxes in tropical forests. Here we present an overview of the findings and the data sets that have been generated from the LEF, highlighting their importance for understanding montane tropical watersheds in the context of disturbance and global environmental change.

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