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  1. Nuclear magnetic resonance provides a wealth of information about the magnetic and nematic degrees of freedom in the iron-based superconductors. A striking observation is that the spin lattice relaxation rate is inhomogeneous with a standard deviation that correlates with the nematic susceptibility. Moreover, the spin lattice relaxation is strongly affected by uniaxial strain, and in doped samples it depends sensitively upon the history of the applied strain. These observations suggest that quenched strain fields associated with doping atoms induce a nematic glass in the iron pnictide materials. 
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  2. Abstract

    Since the discovery of superconductivity at ~ 200 K in H3S [1], similar or higher transition temperatures,Tcs, have been reported for various hydrogen-rich compounds under ultra-high pressures [2]. Superconductivity was experimentally proved by different methods, including electrical resistance, magnetic susceptibility, optical infrared, and nuclear resonant scattering measurements. The crystal structures of superconducting phases were determined by X-ray diffraction. Numerous electrical transport measurements demonstrate the typical behavior of a conventional phonon-mediated superconductor: zero resistance belowTc, shift ofTcto lower temperatures under external magnetic fields, and pronounced isotope effect. Remarkably, the results are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions, which describe superconductivity in hydrides within the framework of the conventional BCS theory. However, despite this acknowledgement, experimental evidences for the superconducting state in these compounds have recently been treated with criticism [3–7], which apparently stems from misunderstanding and misinterpretation of complicated experiments performed under very high pressures. Here, we describe in greater detail the experiments revealing high-temperature superconductivity in hydrides under high pressures. We show that the arguments against superconductivity [3–7] can be either refuted or explained. The experiments on the high-temperature superconductivity in hydrides clearly contradict the theory of hole superconductivity [8] and eliminate it [3].

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