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Creators/Authors contains: "Reddy, Nitin Ramesh"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2023
  2. Dopamine (DA) is an important neurotransmitter, which is essential for transmitting signals in neuronal communications. The deficiency of DA release from neurons is implicated in neurological disorders. There has been great interest in developing new optical probes for monitoring the release behavior of DA from neurons. H-aggregates of organic dyes represent an ordered supramolecular structure with delocalized excitons. In this paper, we use the self-assembly of 3,3′-diethylthiadicarbocyanine iodide (DiSC 2 (5)) in ammonia solution to develop crystalline H-aggregate nanoparticles, in which DiSC 2 (5) molecules show long-range π–π stacking. The crystalline H-aggregate nanoparticles are stable in cell culture medium and can serve as an efficient photo-induced electron transfer (PET) probe for the detection of DA with the concentration as low as 0.1 nM in cell culture medium. Furthermore, the crystalline H-aggregate nanoparticle-based PET probe is used to detect the release behavior of DA from the M17 human neuroblastoma cells. We find that the DA release from the cells is enhanced by nicotine stimulations. Our results highlight the potential of crystalline H-aggregate nanoparticle-based PET probes for diagnosing nervous system diseases and verifying therapies.