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  1. A classical interatomic potential for iron/iron-fluoride systems is developed in the framework of the charge optimized many-body (COMB) potential. This interatomic potential takes into consideration the effects of charge transfer and many-body interactions depending on the chemical environment. The potential is fitted to a training set composed of both experimental and ab initio results of the cohesive energies of several Fe and FeF 2 crystal phases, the two fluorine molecules F 2 and the F 2 −1 dissociation energy curve, the Fe and FeF 2 lattice parameters of the ground state crystalline phase, and the elastic constants of the bodymore »centered cubic Fe structure. The potential is tested in an NVT ensemble for different initial structural configurations as the crystal ground state phases, F 2 molecules, iron clusters, and iron nanospheres. In particular, we model the FeF 2 /Fe bilayer and multilayer interfaces, as well as a system of square FeF 2 nanowires immersed in an iron solid. It has been shown that there exists a reordering of the atomic positions for F and Fe atoms at the interface zone; this rearrangement leads to an increase in the charge transfer among the atoms that make the interface and put forward a possible mechanism of the exchange bias origin based on asymmetric electric charge transfer in the different spin channels.« less
  2. Geometrical and vibrational characterization of magnesium hydroxide was performed using density functional theory. Four possible crystal symmetries were explored: P 3̄ (No. 147, point group −3), C 2/ m (No. 12, point group 2), P 3 m 1 (No. 156, point group 3 m ) and P 3̄ m 1 (No. 164, point group −3 m ) which are the currently accepted geometries found in the literature. While a lot of work has been performed on Mg(OH) 2 , in particular for the P 3̄ m 1 phase, there is still a debate on the observed ground state crystal structuremore »and the anharmonic effects of the OH vibrations on the stabilization of the crystal structure. In particular, the stable positions of hydrogen are not yet defined precisely, which have implications in the crystal symmetry, the vibrational excitations, and the thermal stability. Previous work has assigned the P 3̄ m 1 polymorph as the low energy phase, but it has also proposed that hydrogens are disordered and they could move from their symmetric position in the P 3̄ m 1 structure towards P 3̄. In this paper, we examine the stability of the proposed phases by using different descriptors. We compare the XRD patterns with reported experimental results, and a fair agreement is found. While harmonic vibrational analysis shows that most phases have imaginary modes at 0 K, anharmonic vibrational analysis indicates that at room temperature only the C 2/ m phase is stabilized, whereas at higher temperatures, other phases become thermally competitive.« less