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Creators/Authors contains: "Rosofsky, Shawn G."

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  1. Abstract

    The modeling of multi-scale and multi-physics complex systems typically involves the use of scientific software that can optimally leverage extreme scale computing. Despite major developments in recent years, these simulations continue to be computationally intensive and time consuming. Here we explore the use of AI to accelerate the modeling of complex systems at a fraction of the computational cost of classical methods, and present the first application of physics informed neural operators (NOs) (PINOs) to model 2D incompressible magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulations. Our AI models incorporate tensor Fourier NOs as their backbone, which we implemented with theTensorLYpackage. Our results indicate that PINOs can accurately capture the physics of MHD simulations that describe laminar flows with Reynolds numbersRe250. We also explore the applicability of our AI surrogates for turbulent flows, and discuss a variety of methodologies that may be incorporated in future work to create AI models that provide a computationally efficient and high fidelity description of MHD simulations for a broad range of Reynolds numbers. The scientific software developed in this project is released with this manuscript.

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  2. Abstract

    We present a critical analysis of physics-informed neural operators (PINOs) to solve partial differential equations (PDEs) that are ubiquitous in the study and modeling of physics phenomena using carefully curated datasets. Further, we provide a benchmarking suite which can be used to evaluate PINOs in solving such problems. We first demonstrate that our methods reproduce the accuracy and performance of other neural operators published elsewhere in the literature to learn the 1D wave equation and the 1D Burgers equation. Thereafter, we apply our PINOs to learn new types of equations, including the 2D Burgers equation in the scalar, inviscid and vector types. Finally, we show that our approach is also applicable to learn the physics of the 2D linear and nonlinear shallow water equations, which involve three coupled PDEs. We release our artificial intelligence surrogates and scientific software to produce initial data and boundary conditions to study a broad range of physically motivated scenarios. We provide thesource code, an interactivewebsiteto visualize the predictions of our PINOs, and a tutorial for their use at theData and Learning Hub for Science.

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  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024