skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Rui, Guanchun"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 21, 2023
  2. Abstract Piezoelectric polymers hold great potential for various electromechanical applications, but only show low performance, with | d 33  | < 30 pC/N. We prepare a highly piezoelectric polymer ( d 33  = −62 pC/N) based on a biaxially oriented poly(vinylidene fluoride) (BOPVDF, crystallinity = 0.52). After unidirectional poling, macroscopically aligned samples with pure β crystals are achieved, which show a high spontaneous polarization ( P s ) of 140 mC/m 2 . Given the theoretical limit of P s,β  = 188 mC/m 2 for the neat β crystal, the high P s cannot be explained by the crystalline-amorphous two-phase model (i.e., P s,β  = 270 mC/m 2 ). Instead, we deduce that a significant amount (at least 0.25) of an oriented amorphous fraction (OAF) must be present between these two phases. Experimental data suggest that the mobile OAF resulted in the negative and high d 33 for the poled BOPVDF. The plausibility of this conclusion is supported by molecular dynamics simulations.
  3. Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and its random copolymers exhibit the most distinctive ferroelectric properties; however, their spontaneous polarization (60–105 mC m −2 ) is still inferior to those (>200 mC m −2 ) of the ceramic counterparts. In this work, we report an unprecedented spontaneous polarization ( P s = 140 mC m −2 ) for a highly poled biaxially oriented PVDF (BOPVDF) film, which contains a pure β crystalline phase. Given the crystallinity of ∼0.52, the P s for the β phase ( P s,β ) is calculated to be 279 mC m −2 , if a simple two-phase model of semicrystalline polymers is assumed. This high P s,β is invalid, because the theoretical limit of P s,β is 185 mC m −2 , as calculated by density functional theory. To explain such a high P s for the poled BOPVDF, a third component in the amorphous phase must participate in the ferroelectric switching to contribute to the P s . Namely, an oriented amorphous fraction (OAF) links the lamellar crystal and the mobile amorphous fraction. From the hysteresis loop study, the OAF content was determined to be ∼0.28, more than 50% of the amorphous phase. Because of the highmore »polarizability of the OAFs, the dielectric constant of the poled BOPVDF reached nearly twice the value of conventional PVDF. The fundamental knowledge obtained from this study will provide a solid foundation for the future development of PVDF-based high performance electroactive polymers for wearable electronics and soft robotic applications.« less
  4. In response to the stringent requirements for future DC-link capacitors in electric vehicles (EVs), it is desirable to develop dielectric polymer films with high-temperature tolerance (at least 105 °C) and low loss (dissipation factor, tan δ < 0.003). Although the biaxially oriented poly(ethylene terephthalate) (BOPET) film has an alleged temperature rating of 120 °C, its dielectric performance in terms of breakdown strength and lifetime cannot satisfy the stringent requirements for power electronics in EVs. In this work, we carried out a structure–electrical insulation property relationship study to understand the working mechanism for various PET films, including a commercial BOPET film, an amorphous PET (AmPET) film, and two annealed PET films (AnPET, i.e., cold-crystallized from AmPET). Structural analyses revealed a uniform edge-on crystalline orientation in BOPET with the a* axis in the film normal direction. Meanwhile, a high content of the rigid amorphous fraction (RAF) was identified for BOPET, which resulted from biaxial stretching during processing. On the contrary, AnPET films had a random crystal orientation with lower RAF contents. From dielectric breakdown and lifetime studies, the high-crystallinity AnPET film exhibited better electrical insulation than BOPET, and AmPET had the worst electrical insulation. Electrical conductivity results revealed that the high RAF contentmore »in BOPET led to reasonably high breakdown strength and long lifetime only at low temperatures (<100 °C). Meanwhile, PET crystals were more insulating than the amorphous phase, whether mobile, rigid, or glassy. In particular, the flat-on lamellae in the AnPET film were more effective than the edge-on lamellae in BOPET in blocking the conduction of charge carriers (electrons and impurity ions). This understanding will help us design high-temperature semicrystalline polymer films for DC-link capacitors in EVs.« less