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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2022
  3. A bstract Jet production in lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV is studied with the CMS detector at the LHC, using PbPb and pp data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of 404 μ b − 1 and 27.4 pb − 1 , respectively. Jets with different areas are reconstructed using the anti- k T algorithm by varying the distance parameter R . The measurements are performed using jets with transverse momenta ( p T ) greater than 200 GeV and in a pseudorapidity range of |η| < 2. To reveal the mediummore »modification of the jet spectra in PbPb collisions, the properly normalized ratio of spectra from PbPb and pp data is used to extract jet nuclear modification factors as functions of the PbPb collision centrality, p T and, for the first time, as a function of R up to 1.0. For the most central collisions, a strong suppression is observed for high- p T jets reconstructed with all distance parameters, implying that a significant amount of jet energy is scattered to large angles. The dependence of jet suppression on R is expected to be sensitive to both the jet energy loss mechanism and the medium response, and so the data are compared to several modern event generators and analytic calculations. The models considered do not fully reproduce the data.« less
  4. A bstract We present the first study of charged-hadron production associated with jets originating from b quarks in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The data sample used in this study was collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb − 1 . To characterize the jet substructure, the differential jet shapes, defined as the normalized transverse momentum distribution of charged hadrons as a function of angular distance from the jet axis, are measured for b jets. In addition to the jet shapes, the per-jet yields ofmore »charged particles associated with b jets are also quantified, again as a function of the angular distance with respect to the jet axis. Extracted jet shape and particle yield distributions for b jets are compared with results for inclusive jets, as well as with the predictions from the pythia and herwig++ event generators.« less
  5. A bstract A search for standard model Higgs bosons (H) produced with transverse momentum ( p T ) greater than 450 GeV and decaying to bottom quark-antiquark pairs ( $$ \mathrm{b}\overline{\mathrm{b}} $$ b b ¯ ) is performed using proton-proton collision data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ s = 13 TeV. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb − 1 . The search is inclusive in the Higgs boson production mode. Highly Lorentz-boosted Higgs bosons decaying to $$ \mathrm{b}\overline{\mathrm{b}} $$ b b ¯ are reconstructed as single large-radius jets,more »and are identified using jet substructure and a dedicated b tagging technique based on a deep neural network. The method is validated with Z → $$ \mathrm{b}\overline{\mathrm{b}} $$ b b ¯ decays. For a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV, an excess of events above the background assuming no Higgs boson production is observed with a local significance of 2.5 standard deviations ( σ ), while the expectation is 0.7. The corresponding signal strength and local significance with respect to the standard model expectation are μ H = 3 . 7 ± 1 . 2(stat) $$ {}_{-0.7}^{+0.8} $$ − 0.7 + 0.8 (syst) $$ {}_{-0.5}^{+0.8} $$ − 0.5 + 0.8 (theo) and 1 . 9 σ . Additionally, an unfolded differential cross section as a function of Higgs boson p T for the gluon fusion production mode is presented, assuming the other production modes occur at the expected rates.« less