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  1. Geostationary satellite reveals the asymmetrical impact of heatwaves on plant diurnal photosynthesis at the continental scale. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 4, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2024
  3. null (Ed.)
    Abstract Wetland methane (CH 4 ) emissions ( $${F}_{{{CH}}_{4}}$$ F C H 4 ) are important in global carbon budgets and climate change assessments. Currently, $${F}_{{{CH}}_{4}}$$ F C H 4 projections rely on prescribed static temperature sensitivity that varies among biogeochemical models. Meta-analyses have proposed a consistent $${F}_{{{CH}}_{4}}$$ F C H 4 temperature dependence across spatial scales for use in models; however, site-level studies demonstrate that $${F}_{{{CH}}_{4}}$$ F C H 4 are often controlled by factors beyond temperature. Here, we evaluate the relationship between $${F}_{{{CH}}_{4}}$$ F C H 4 and temperature using observations from the FLUXNET-CH 4 database. Measurements collected across the globe show substantial seasonal hysteresis between $${F}_{{{CH}}_{4}}$$ F C H 4 and temperature, suggesting larger $${F}_{{{CH}}_{4}}$$ F C H 4 sensitivity to temperature later in the frost-free season (about 77% of site-years). Results derived from a machine-learning model and several regression models highlight the importance of representing the large spatial and temporal variability within site-years and ecosystem types. Mechanistic advancements in biogeochemical model parameterization and detailed measurements in factors modulating CH 4 production are thus needed to improve global CH 4 budget assessments. 
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  4. Summary

    To what degree plant ecosystems thermoregulate their canopy temperature (Tc) is critical to assess ecosystems' metabolisms and resilience with climate change, but remains controversial, with opinions from no to moderate thermoregulation capability.

    With global datasets ofTc, air temperature (Ta), and other environmental and biotic variables from FLUXNET and satellites, we tested the ‘limited homeothermy’ hypothesis (indicated byTc&Taregression slope < 1 orTc < Taaround midday) across global extratropics, including temporal and spatial dimensions.

    Across daily to weekly and monthly timescales, over 80% of sites/ecosystems have slopes ≥1 orTc > Taaround midday, rejecting the above hypothesis. For those sites unsupporting the hypothesis, theirTcTadifference (ΔT) exhibits considerable seasonality that shows negative, partial correlations with leaf area index, implying a certain degree of thermoregulation capability. Spatially, site‐mean ΔTexhibits larger variations than the slope indicator, suggesting ΔTis a more sensitive indicator for detecting thermoregulatory differences across biomes. Furthermore, this large spatial‐wide ΔTvariation (0–6°C) is primarily explained by environmental variables (38%) and secondarily by biotic factors (15%).

    These results demonstrate diverse thermoregulation patterns across global extratropics, with most ecosystems negating the ‘limited homeothermy’ hypothesis, but their thermoregulation still occurs, implying that slope < 1 orTc < Taare not necessary conditions for plant thermoregulation.

     
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  5. null (Ed.)