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null (Ed.)We study an online hypergraph matching problem with delays, motivated by ridesharing applications. In this model, users enter a marketplace sequentially, and are willing to wait up to $d$ timesteps to be matched, after which they will leave the system in favor of an outside option. A platform can match groups of up to $k$ users together, indicating that they will share a ride. Each group of users yields a match value depending on how compatible they are with one another. As an example, in ridesharing, $k$ is the capacity of the service vehicles, and $d$ is the amount of time a user is willing to wait for a driver to be matched to them. We present results for both the utility maximization and cost minimization variants of the problem. In the utility maximization setting, the optimal competitive ratio is $\frac{1}{d}$ whenever $k \geq 3$, and is achievable in polynomialtime for any fixed $k$. In the cost minimization variation, when $k = 2$, the optimal competitive ratio for deterministic algorithms is $\frac{3}{2}$ and is achieved by a polynomialtime thresholding algorithm. When $k>2$, we show that a polynomialtime randomized batching algorithm is $(2  \frac{1}{d}) \log k$competitive, and it is NPhard to achieve a competitive ratio better than $\log k  O (\log \log k)$.more » « less

We analyze linear independence of rank one tensors produced by tensor powers of randomly perturbed vectors. This enables efficient decomposition of sums of highorder tensors. Our analysis builds upon [BCMV14] but allows for a wider range of perturbation models, including discrete ones. We give an application to recovering assemblies of neurons. Assemblies are large sets of neurons representing specific memories or concepts. The size of the intersection of two assemblies has been shown in experiments to represent the extent to which these memories cooccur or these concepts are related; the phenomenon is called association of assemblies. This suggests that an animal's memory is a complex web of associations, and poses the problem of recovering this representation from cognitive data. Motivated by this problem, we study the following more general question: Can we reconstruct the Venn diagram of a family of sets, given the sizes of their ℓwise intersections? We show that as long as the family of sets is randomly perturbed, it is enough for the number of measurements to be polynomially larger than the number of nonempty regions of the Venn diagram to fully reconstruct the diagram.more » « less