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  1. Abstract We present the analysis and results of the first datasetcollected with the MARS neutron detectordeployed at the Oak Ridge NationalLaboratory Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) for the purpose ofmonitoring and characterizing the beam-related neutron (BRN) backgroundfor the COHERENT collaboration. MARS was positionednext to the COH-CsI coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering detectorin the SNS basement corridor. This is the basement location ofclosest proximity to the SNS target and thus, of highest neutrino flux,but it is also well shielded from the BRN flux by infill concreteand gravel. These data show the detector registered roughly one BRN per day.Using MARS' measured detection efficiency, themore »incomingBRN flux is estimated to be 1.20 ± 0.56 neutrons/m^2/MWhfor neutron energies above ∼3.5 MeV and up to a few tens of MeV.We compare our results with previous BRN measurements in the SNS basement corridorreported by other neutron detectors.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
  2. Abstract We report on the preparation of and calibration measurements with a 83 mKr source for the CENNS-10 liquid argon detector. 83 mKr atoms generated in the decay of a 83 Rb source were introduced into the detector via injection into the Ar circulation loop. Scintillation light arising from the 9.4 keV and 32.1 keV conversion electrons in the decay of 83 mKr in the detector volume were then observed. This calibration source allows the characterization of the low-energy response of the CENNS-10 detector and is applicable to other low-energy-threshold detectors. The energy resolution of the detector was measured tomore »be 9% at the total 83 mKr decay energy of 41.5 keV. We performed an analysis to separately calibrate the detector using the two conversion electrons at 9.4 keV and 32.1 keV.« less
  3. The precise value of the mean neutron lifetime, tau_n, plays an important role in nuclear and particle physics and cosmology. It is used to predict the ratio of protons to helium atoms in the primordial universe and to search for physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. We eliminated loss mechanisms present in previous trap experiments by levitating polarized ultracold neutrons above the surface of an asymmetric storage trap using a repulsive magnetic field gradient so that the stored neutrons do not interact with material trap walls. As a result of this approach and the use of an inmore »situ neutron detector, the lifetime reported here [877.7 +/- 0.7 (stat) +0.4/-0.2 (sys) seconds] does not require corrections larger than the quoted uncertainties.« less
  4. The UCNA experiment was designed to measure the neutron β-asymmetry parameter A 0 using polarized ultracold neutrons (UCN). UCN produced via downscattering in solid deuterium were polarized via transport through a 7 T magnetic field, and then directed to a 1 T solenoidal electron spectrometer, where the decay electrons were detected in electron detector packages located on the two ends of the spectrometer. A value for A 0 was then extracted from the asymmetry in the numbers of counts in the two detector packages. We summarize all of the results from the UCNA experiment, obtained during run periods in 2007, 2008–2009, 2010,more »and 2011–2013, which ultimately culminated in a 0.67% precision result for A 0 .« less