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Creators/Authors contains: "Sarkar, Sanat K."

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  1. Abstract

    Multiple testing (MT) with false discovery rate (FDR) control has been widely conducted in the “discrete paradigm” wherep‐values have discrete and heterogeneous null distributions. However, in this scenario existing FDR procedures often lose some power and may yield unreliable inference, and for this scenario there does not seem to be an FDR procedure that partitions hypotheses into groups, employs data‐adaptive weights and is nonasymptotically conservative. We propose a weightedp‐value‐based FDR procedure, “weighted FDR (wFDR) procedure” for short, for MT in the discrete paradigm that efficiently adapts to both heterogeneity and discreteness ofp‐value distributions. We theoretically justify the nonasymptotic conservativeness of the wFDR procedure under independence, and show via simulation studies that, for MT based onp‐values of binomial test or Fisher's exact test, it is more powerful than six other procedures. The wFDR procedure is applied to two examples based on discrete data, a drug safety study, and a differential methylation study, where it makes more discoveries than two existing methods.

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