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  1. Temperatures below ambient room temperature (298 K) are ideal for perovskite-sensitized upconversion devices where maximum efficiency is reached at 170 K. Here, the underlying triplet diffusion rate governs the overall upconversion dynamics. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 15, 2024
  2. Abstract

    This study investigates ultrafast photoinduced changes in optical properties of ferroelectrics (PZT) on femtosecond to nanosecond timescales, using broadband transient reflectivity studies. Surprisingly, spectral features were observed below the bandgap, which could not be attributed to ground state bleaching, excited state absorption, and/or stimulated emission. A model based on probe energy independent changes in refractive index and extinction coefficient showed good agreement with experimental results. Three relaxation processes were phenomenologically considered for the temporal evolution. Laser-induced heating was ruled out as the cause of short timescale behavior and photorefractive effect was suggested as a potential mechanism for changes in the optical properties.

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  3. Abstract Colloidal quantum wells, or nanoplatelets, show among the lowest thresholds for amplified spontaneous emission and lasing among solution-cast materials and among the highest modal gains of any known materials. Using solution measurements of colloidal quantum wells, this work shows that under photoexcitation, optical gain increases with pump fluence before rolling off due to broad photoinduced absorption at energies lower than the band gap. Despite the common occurrence of gain induced by an electron–hole plasma found in bulk materials and epitaxial quantum wells, under no measurement conditions was the excitonic absorption of the colloidal quantum wells extinguished and gain arising from a plasma observed. Instead, like gain, excitonic absorption reaches a minimum intensity near a photoinduced carrier sheet density of 2 × 10 13  cm −2 above which the absorption peak begins to recover. To understand the origins of these saturation and reversal effects, measurements were performed with different excitation energies, which deposit differing amounts of excess energy above the band gap. Across many samples, it was consistently observed that less energetic excitation results in stronger excitonic bleaching and gain for a given carrier density. Transient and static optical measurements at elevated temperatures, as well as transient X-ray diffraction of the samples, suggest that the origin of gain saturation and reversal is a heating and disordering of the colloidal quantum wells which produces sub-gap photoinduced absorption. 
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  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 21, 2024
  5. Terahertz (THz) sciences and technologies have contributed to a rapid development of a wide range of applications and expanded the frontiers in fundamental science. Spintronic terahertz emitters offer conceptual advantages since the spin orientation in the magnetic layer can be easily controlled either by the externally applied magnetic field or by the internal magnetic field distribution determined by the specific shape of the magnetic elements. Here, we report a switchable terahertz source based on micropatterned magnetic heterostructures driven by femtosecond laser pulses. We show that the precise tunability of the polarization state is facilitated by the underlying magnetization texture of the magnetic layer that is dictated by the shape of the microstructure. These results also reveal the underlying physical mechanisms of a nonuniform magnetization state on the generation of ultrafast spin currents in the magnetic heterostructures. Our findings indicate that the emission of the linearly polarized THz waves can be switched on and off by saturating the sample using a biasing magnetic field, opening fascinating perspectives for integrated on-chip THz devices with wide-ranging potential applications. 
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