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  1. We report on a total of 310 samples from marine sediments drilled in the Indian Ocean that were analyzed for glass shard compositions. Samples are mainly from International Ocean Discovery Program Expeditions 353 and 362 but are complemented by samples from Expedition 354; Ocean Drilling Program Legs 183, 121, 120, 119, 116, and 115; and Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 22. We performed 4327 successful single glass shard analyses with the electron microprobe for major element compositions and conducted 937 successful single analyses with laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) for trace element compositions on individual glass shards previously measured with the electron microprobe. In total, we were able to measure glass compositions for 254 samples. Of all the samples, 235 can be classified as tephra layers containing pyroclasts as the predominant component in their clast inventory between the 63 and 125 µm grain size fraction, often exceeding 90 vol%. The compositions of the Indian Ocean marine tephras range from basalt to rhyolite and from basaltic trachyandesite to trachyte and fall into the calc-alkaline, K-rich calc-alkaline, and shoshonitic magmatic series. 
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  2. We present geochemical major and trace element glass data for tephra samples from International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expeditions 349 and 367/368 from four drilling sites in the South China Sea. Overall, we obtained data for 55 samples and identified 46 as tephra layers, with dominant volcanic glass shards in the component inventory (in the 63–125 µ fraction). In total, we performed 720 single glass shard analyses using an electron microprobe for major element compositions, as well as 130 single glass shard analyses using laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) for trace element compositions. The compositions of the samples range from basaltic, (trachy-) andesitic to trachytic, and rhyolitic and fall mainly into the calc-alkaline and K-rich calc-alkaline magmatic series. One sample falls into the shoshonitic series. Tephras from Expedition 349 Site U1431 span the whole compositional range, whereas tephras from the other sites are limited to rhyolitic composition. Tephra ages, calculated applying sedimentation rates, range to ~2 Ma at Site U1431, ~0.8 Ma at Expedition 367 Site U1499, ~0.6 Ma at Expedition 368 Site U1501, and ~0.9 Ma at Expedition 368 Site U1505. 
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