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  1. Knot and link diagrams are projections of one or more 3-dimensional simple closed curves into lR2, such that no more than two points project to the same point in lR2. These diagrams are drawings of 4-regular plane multigraphs. Knots are typically smooth curves in lR3, so their projections should be smooth curves in lR2 with good continuity and large crossing angles: exactly the properties of Lombardi graph drawings (defned by circular-arc edges and perfect angular resolution). We show that several knots do not allow crossing-minimal plane Lombardi drawings. On the other hand, we identify a large class of 4-regular plane multigraphs that do have plane Lombardi drawings. We then study two relaxations of Lombardi drawings and show that every knot admits a crossing-minimal plane 2-Lombardi drawing (where edges are composed of two circular arcs). Further, every knot is near-Lombardi, that is, it can be drawn as a plane Lombardi drawing when relaxing the angular resolution requirement by an arbitrary small angular offset ε, while maintaining a 180◦ angle between opposite edges.
  2. Abstract We present a measurement of the cosmic-ray spectrum above 100 PeV using the part of the surface detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory that has a spacing of 750 m. An inflection of the spectrum is observed, confirming the presence of the so-called second-knee feature. The spectrum is then combined with that of the 1500 m array to produce a single measurement of the flux, linking this spectral feature with the three additional breaks at the highest energies. The combined spectrum, with an energy scale set calorimetrically via fluorescence telescopes and using a single detector type, results in the most statistically and systematically precise measurement of spectral breaks yet obtained. These measurements are critical for furthering our understanding of the highest energy cosmic rays.