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  1. Abstract Detailed behaviors of the modes of quantized scalar fields in the Unruh state for various eternal black holes in two dimensions are investigated. It is shown that the late-time behaviors of some of the modes of the quantum fields and of the symmetric two-point function are determined by infrared effects. The nature of these effects depends upon whether there is an effective potential in the mode equation and what form this potential takes. Here, three cases are considered, one with no potential and two with potentials that are nonnegative everywhere and are zero on the event horizon of the black hole and zero at either infinity or the cosmological horizon. Specifically, the potentials are a delta function potential and the potential that occurs for a massive scalar field in Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime. In both cases, scattering effects remove infrared divergences in the mode functions that would otherwise arise from the normalization process. When such infrared divergences are removed, it is found that the modes that are positive frequency with respect to the Kruskal time on the past black hole horizon approach zero in the limit that the radial coordinate is fixed and the time coordinate goes to infinity. In contrast, when there is no potential and thus infrared divergences occur, the same modes approach nonzero constant values in the late-time limit when the radial coordinate is held fixed. The behavior of the symmetric two-point function when the field is in the Unruh state is investigated for the case of a delta function potential in certain asymptotically flat black hole spacetimes in two dimensions. The removal of the infrared divergences in the mode functions results in the elimination of terms that grow linearly in time. 
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  2. Vereshchagin, G. ; Ruffini, R. (Ed.)
    The symmetric two-point function for a massless, minimally coupled scalar field in the Unruh state is examined for Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime in two dimensions. This function grows linearly in terms of a time coordinate that is well-defined on the future black hole and cosmological horizons, when the points are split in the space direction. This type of behavior also occurs in two dimensions for other static black hole spacetimes when the field is in the Unruh state, and at late times it occurs in spacetimes where a black hole forms from the collapse of a null shell. The generalization to the case of the symmetric two-point function in two dimensions for a massive scalar field in Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetime is discussed. 
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