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  1. The quantum Zeno effect reveals that continuous observation of a quantum system can significantly alter its evolution. Here, we present a method for establishing polarization entanglement between two initially unentangled photons in coupled waveguides via the quantum Zeno effect. We support our analytical investigation with numerical simulations of the underlying Schrodinger equation describing the system. Further, we extend our technique to three coupled waveguides in a planar configuration and determine the parameters required to generate three-qubit W-states. In contrast to existing schemes based on a vacuum and single-photon encoding, the polarization encoding in our approach is compatible with quantum information protocols that remove photon loss through post-selection. Our findings offer a powerful quantum state engineering approach for photonic quantum information technologies.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
  3. Abstract

    Bound states in the continuum (BICs) are widely studied for their ability to confine light, produce sharp resonances for sensing applications and serve as avenues for lasing action with topological characteristics. Primarily, the formation of BICs in periodic photonic band gap structures are driven by symmetry incompatibility; structural manipulation or variation of incidence angle from incoming light. In this work, we report two modalities for driving the formation of BICs in terahertz metasurfaces. At normal incidence, we experimentally confirm polarization driven symmetry-protected BICs by the variation of the linear polarization state of light. In addition, we demonstrate through strong coupling of two radiative modes the formation of capacitively-driven Freidrich-Wintgen BICs, exotic modes which occur in off-Γpoints not accessible by symmetry-protected BICs. The capacitance-mediated strong coupling at 0° polarization is verified to have a normalized coupling strength ratio of 4.17% obtained by the Jaynes-Cummings model. Furthermore, when the polarization angle is varied from 0° to 90° (0° ≤ϕ < 90°), the Freidrich-Wintgen BIC is modulated until it is completely switched off at 90°.

  4. In terahertz (THz) photonics, there is an ongoing effort to develop thin, compact devices such as dielectric photonic crystal (PhC) slabs with desirable light–matter interactions. However, previous works in THz PhC slabs have been limited to rigid substrates with thicknesses∼<#comment/>100sof micrometers. Dielectric PhC slabs have been shown to possess in-plane modes that are excited by external radiation to produce sharp guided-mode resonances with minimal absorption for applications in sensors, optics, and lasers. Here we confirm the existence of guided resonances in a membrane-type THz PhC slab with subwavelength (λ<#comment/>0/6−<#comment/>λ<#comment/>0/12) thicknesses of flexible dielectric polyimide films. The transmittance of the guided resonances was measured for different structural parameters of the unit cell. Furthermore, we exploited the flexibility of the samples to modulate the guided modes for a bend angle ofθ<#comment/>≥<#comment/>5∘<#comment/>, confirmed experimentally by the suppression of these modes. The mechanical flexibility of the device allows for an additional degree of freedom in system design for high-speed communications, soft wearable photonics, and implantable medical devices.

  5. The development of active metadevices continues to present keystone challenges in fields of plasmonics and photonics. Here, we demonstrate an analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) effect in a far-infrared metasurface device via near-field coupling of bright and quasi-dark resonances resonating at nearly the same frequency with contrasting line widths. The proposed metasurface was further optimized numerically in order to demonstrate a reconfiguration effect (frequency-shift of the spectral response). The tunability property of the device is achieved by incorporating a thin layer of Ge 2 Sb 2 Te 5 (GST), a temperature-driven phase change material (PCM). Theoretical analysis based on a coupled Lorentz oscillator model explains the physical mechanism in the proposed design and shows a good agreement with the observed results. Such active hybrid EIT metadevices could have applications in tunable slow-light effects, delay bandwidth management and ultrafast laser induced switching.