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Creators/Authors contains: "Shadden, Shawn C."

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
  2. Abstract Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of left ventricle (LV) flow combined with patient medical imaging data has shown great potential in obtaining patient-specific hemodynamics information for functional assessment of the heart. A typical model construction pipeline usually starts with segmentation of the LV by manual delineation followed by mesh generation and registration techniques using separate software tools. However, such approaches usually require significant time and human efforts in the model generation process, limiting large-scale analysis. In this study, we propose an approach toward fully automating the model generation process for CFD simulation of LV flow to significantly reduce LV CFD model generation time. Our modeling framework leverages a novel combination of techniques including deep-learning based segmentation, geometry processing, and image registration to reliably reconstruct CFD-suitable LV models with little-to-no user intervention.1 We utilized an ensemble of two-dimensional (2D) convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for automatic segmentation of cardiac structures from three-dimensional (3D) patient images and our segmentation approach outperformed recent state-of-the-art segmentation techniques when evaluated on benchmark data containing both magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography(CT) cardiac scans. We demonstrate that through a combination of segmentation and geometry processing, we were able to robustly create CFD-suitable LV meshes from segmentationsmore »for 78 out of 80 test cases. Although the focus on this study is on image-to-mesh generation, we demonstrate the feasibility of this framework in supporting LV hemodynamics modeling by performing CFD simulations from two representative time-resolved patient-specific image datasets.« less
  3. Abstract Computational modeling of cardiovascular flows is becoming increasingly important in a range of biomedical applications, and understanding the fundamentals of computational modeling is important for engineering students. In addition to their purpose as research tools, integrated image-based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) platforms can be used to teach the fundamental principles involved in computational modeling and generate interest in studying cardiovascular disease. We report the results of a study performed at five institutions designed to investigate the effectiveness of an integrated modeling platform as an instructional tool and describe “best practices” for using an integrated modeling platform in the classroom. Use of an integrated modeling platform as an instructional tool in nontraditional educational settings (workshops, study abroad programs, in outreach) is also discussed. Results of the study show statistically significant improvements in understanding after using the integrated modeling platform, suggesting such platforms can be effective tools for teaching fundamental cardiovascular computational modeling principles.