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  1. Abstract—Materials Genomics initiative has the goal of rapidly synthesizing materials with a given set of desired properties using data science techniques. An important step in this direction is the ability to predict the outcomes of complex chemical reactions. Some graph-based feature learning algorithms have been proposed recently. However, the comprehensive relationship between atoms or structures is not learned properly and not explainable, and multiple graphs cannot be handled. In this paper, chemical reaction processes are formulated as translation processes. Both atoms and edges are mapped to vectors represent- ing the structural information. We employ the graph convolution layers to learnmore »meaningful information of atom graphs, and further employ its variations, message passing networks (MPNN) and edge attention graph convolution network (EAGCN) to learn edge representations. Particularly, multi-view EAGCN groups and maps edges to a set of representations for the properties of the chemical bond between atoms from multiple views. Each bond is viewed from its atom type, bond type, distance and neighbor environment. The final node and edge representations are mapped to a sequence defined by the SMILES of the molecule and then fed to a decoder model with attention. To make full usage of multi-view information, we propose multi-view attention model to handle self correlation inside each atom or edge, and mutual correlation between edges and atoms, both of which are important in chemical reaction processes. We have evaluated our method on the standard benchmark datasets (that have been used by all the prior works), and the results show that edge embedding with multi-view attention achieves superior accuracy compared to existing techniques.« less
  2. In an era when big data are becoming the norm, there is less concern with the quantity but more with the quality and completeness of the data. In many disciplines, data are collected from heterogeneous sources, resulting in multi-view or multi-modal datasets. The missing data problem has been challenging to address in multi-view data analysis. Especially, when certain samples miss an entire view of data, it creates the missing view problem. Classic multiple imputations or matrix completion methods are hardly effective here when no information can be based on in the specific view to impute data for such samples. Themore »commonly-used simple method of removing samples with a missing view can dramatically reduce sample size, thus diminishing the statistical power of a subsequent analysis. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for view imputation via generative adversarial networks (GANs), which we name by VIGAN. This approach first treats each view as a separate domain and identifies domain-to-domain mappings via a GAN using randomly-sampled data from each view, and then employs a multi-modal denoising autoencoder (DAE) to reconstruct the missing view from the GAN outputs based on paired data across the views. Then, by optimizing the GAN and DAE jointly, our model enables the knowledge integration for domain mappings and view correspondences to effectively recover the missing view. Empirical results on benchmark datasets validate the VIGAN approach by comparing against the state of the art. The evaluation of VIGAN in a genetic study of substance use disorders further proves the effectiveness and usability of this approach in life science.« less