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Creators/Authors contains: "Smith, Britton D."

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  1. Abstract

    This study analyzes 18 simulated galaxies run using three prescriptions for stellar feedback, including thermal, kinetic, and interstellar medium pre-processing feedback mechanisms. Each simulation set models one of these mechanisms with 6 distinct galaxies, with varyingMviratz = 0. The morphological and thermodynamic quantities and distributions, as well as star formation histories, are compared to understand the impact of each stellar feedback mechanism. We find that the prescription for stellar feedback makes a significant impact on the behavior of galaxies, and observe systematic trends within each simulation and across mass ranges. Specifically, kinetic feedback results in no formation of a disk structure and delayed star formation, and pre-processing of the interstellar medium results in delayed star formation as compared to the thermal feedback mechanisms.

  2. Abstract The classical definition of the virial temperature of a galaxy halo excludes a fundamental contribution to the energy partition of the halo: the kinetic energy of nonthermal gas motions. Using simulations of low-redshift, ∼ L * galaxies from the Figuring Out Gas & Galaxies In Enzo (FOGGIE) project that are optimized to resolve low-density gas, we show that the kinetic energy of nonthermal motions is roughly equal to the energy of thermal motions. The simulated FOGGIE halos have ∼2× lower bulk temperatures than expected from a classical virial equilibrium, owing to significant nonthermal kinetic energy that is formally excluded from the definition of T vir . We explicitly derive a modified virial temperature including nonthermal gas motions that provides a more accurate description of gas temperatures for simulated halos in virial equilibrium. Strong bursts of stellar feedback drive the simulated FOGGIE halos out of virial equilibrium, but the halo gas cannot be accurately described by the standard virial temperature even when in virial equilibrium. Compared to the standard virial temperature, the cooler modified virial temperature implies other effects on halo gas: (i) the thermal gas pressure is lower, (ii) radiative cooling is more efficient, (iii) O vi absorbing gasmore »that traces the virial temperature may be prevalent in halos of a higher mass than expected, (iv) gas mass estimates from X-ray surface brightness profiles may be incorrect, and (v) turbulent motions make an important contribution to the energy balance of a galaxy halo.« less