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Creators/Authors contains: "Srivastava, Ankit"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2023
  4. Ceramic materials provide outstanding chemical and structural stability at high temperatures and in hostile environments but are susceptible to catastrophic fracture that severely limits their applicability. Traditional approaches to partially overcome this limitation rely on activating toughening mechanisms during crack growth to postpone fracture. Here, we demonstrate a more potent toughening mechanism that involves an intriguing possibility of healing the cracks as they form, even at room temperature, in an atomically layered ternary carbide. Crystals of this class of ceramic materials readily fracture along weakly bonded crystallographic planes. However, the onset of an abstruse mode of deformation, referred to as kinking in these materials, induces large crystallographic rotations and plastic deformation that physically heal the cracks. This implies that the toughness of numerous other layered ceramic materials, whose broader applications have been limited by their susceptibility to catastrophic fracture, can also be enhanced by microstructural engineering to promote kinking and crack-healing.
  5. null (Ed.)
  6. Advanced high strength dual-phase steels are one of the most widely sought-after structural materials for automotive applications. These high strength steels, however, are prone to fracture under bending-dominated manufacturing processes. Experimental observations suggest that the bendability of these steels is sensitive to the presence of subsurface non-metallic inclusions and the inclusions exhibit a rather discrete size effect on the bendability of these steels. Following this, we have carried out a series of microstructure-based finite element calculations of ductile fracture in an advanced high strength dual-phase steel under bending. In the calculations, both the dual-phase microstructure and inclusion are discretely modeled. To gain additional insight, we have also analyzed the effect of an inclusion on the bendability of a single-phase material. In line with the experimental observations, strong inclusion size effect on the bendability of the dual-phase steel naturally emerge in the calculations. Furthermore, supervised machine learning is used to quantify the effects of the multivariable input space associated with the dual-phase microstructure and inclusion on the bendability of the steel. The results of the supervised machine learning are then used to identify the contributions of individual features and isolate critical features that control the bendability of dual-phase steels.