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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2024
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  7. Abstract The Precision Proton Spectrometer (PPS) of the CMS and TOTEM experiments collected 107.7 fb -1 in proton-proton (pp) collisions at the LHC at 13 TeV (Run 2). This paper describes the key features of the PPS alignment and optics calibrations, the proton reconstruction procedure, as well as the detector efficiency and the performance of the PPS simulation. The reconstruction and simulation are validated using a sample of (semi)exclusive dilepton events. The performance of PPS has proven the feasibility of continuously operating a near-beam proton spectrometer at a high luminosity hadron collider. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024
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  9. A<sc>bstract</sc>

    A search for supersymmetry is presented in events with a single charged lepton, electron or muon, and multiple hadronic jets. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb1of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The search targets gluino pair production, where the gluinos decay into final states with the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) and either a top quark-antiquark ($$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}} $$tt¯) pair, or a light-flavor quark-antiquark ($$ \textrm{q}\overline{\textrm{q}} $$qq¯) pair and a virtual or on-shell W boson. The main backgrounds,$$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}} $$tt¯pair and W+jets production, are suppressed by requirements on the azimuthal angle between the momenta of the lepton and of its reconstructed parent W boson candidate, and by top quark and W boson identification based on a machine-learning technique. The number of observed events is consistent with the expectations from standard model processes. Limits are evaluated on supersymmetric particle masses in the context of two simplified models of gluino pair production. Exclusions for gluino masses reach up to 2120 (2050) GeV at 95% confidence level for a model with gluino decay to a$$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}} $$tt¯pair (a$$ \textrm{q}\overline{\textrm{q}} $$qq¯pair and a W boson) and the LSP. For the same models, limits on the mass of the LSP reach up to 1250 (1070) GeV.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024
  10. A<sc>bstract</sc>

    A search for a charged Higgs boson H±decaying into a heavy neutral Higgs boson H and a W boson is presented. The analysis targets the H decay into a pair of tau leptons with at least one of them decaying hadronically and with an additional electron or muon present in the event. The search is based on proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment during 2016–2018 at$$ \sqrt{s} $$s= 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb1. The data are consistent with standard model background expectations. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on the product of the cross section and branching fraction for an H±in the mass range of 300–700 GeV, assuming an H with a mass of 200 GeV. The observed limits range from 0.085 pb for an H±mass of 300 Ge V to 0.019 pb for a mass of 700 GeV. These are the first limits on H±production in the H±HW±decay channel at the LHC.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024