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  1. Abstract

    Two-dimensional topological insulators can feature one-dimensional charge transport via edge modes, which offer a rich ground for studying exotic quasi-particles and for quantum materials applications. In this work, we use lateral junction devices, defined by nanoscale finger gates, to study edge mode transport in the two-dimensional topological insulator Cd3As2. The finger gate can be tuned to transmit an integer number of quantum Hall edge modes and exhibits full equilibration in the bipolar regime. When the Fermi level of the channel crosses a Landau level, reflected modes percolate through the channel, resulting in an anomalous conductance peak. The device does not fully pinch off when the channel is tuned into the topological gap, which is a sign of remnant modes in the channel. These modes are expected from band inversion, while residual bulk conduction associated with the disorder potential may also play a role.

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  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 18, 2025
  4. Topological materials are promising candidates in fault-tolerant quantum information processing architectures, making it essential to understand the dephasing mechanisms in these materials. Here, we investigate gated, nanoscale mesas fabricated on thin films of cadmium arsenide (Cd3As2), a three-dimensional Dirac semimetal that can be tuned into different topological phases. We observe two independent types of conductance oscillations, one as a function of the applied magnetic field and the other as a function of the gate voltage. Varying the dimensions of the nanostructures allows the discrimination of a variety of scenarios for similar oscillations previously reported in the literature. We conclude that the conductance oscillations are not a signature of topological boundary states per se, but rather are universal conductance fluctuations. These results broadly inform future interpretations of electronic quantum interference in mesoscopic devices made from topological materials.

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  5. A topologically non-trivial band structure and reports of superconductivity have motivated significant investigation into the transport properties of the antiperovskite oxide Sr3SnO. Phase-pure films of Sr3SnO can be grown by molecular beam epitaxy, but they do not have the required extremely high hole-doping densities (>1 × 1021 cm−3) for which superconductivity has been observed in bulk materials. To date, high hole-doping densities have been achieved via inducing strontium deficiency, which inevitably results in impurity phases. Here, we show that indium acts as an effective hole dopant in Sr3SnO and can be used to achieve high hole doping densities in stoichiometric films. Films with carrier densities as high as 1.5 × 1021 cm−3 remain non-superconducting. We, therefore, suggest that Sr3SnO is probably not an intrinsic superconductor. A second question addressed in this work is the measurement of the intrinsic electrical transport properties of Sr3SnO, given its rapid degradation in air. We show that even in inert atmospheres, reducing the time needed for establishing electrical contacts and protecting the Sr3SnO film result in improved electrical properties. We demonstrate low carrier density films (4 × 1018 cm−3) with carrier mobilities of 400 cm2 V−1 s−1 at 10 K.

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