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Creators/Authors contains: "Stewart, Frank J."

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  1. Abstract

    Microbial communities in oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) are known to have significant impacts on global biogeochemical cycles, but viral influence on microbial processes in these regions are much less studied. Here we provide baseline ecological patterns using microscopy and viral metagenomics from the Eastern Tropical North Pacific (ETNP) OMZ region that enhance our understanding of viruses in these climate-critical systems. While extracellular viral abundance decreased below the oxycline, viral diversity and lytic infection frequency remained high within the OMZ, demonstrating that viral influences on microbial communities were still substantial without the detectable presence of oxygen. Viral community composition was strongly related to oxygen concentration, with viral populations in low-oxygen portions of the water column being distinct from their surface layer counterparts. However, this divergence was not accompanied by the expected differences in viral-encoded auxiliary metabolic genes (AMGs) relating to nitrogen and sulfur metabolisms that are known to be performed by microbial communities in these low-oxygen and anoxic regions. Instead, several abundant AMGs were identified in the oxycline and OMZ that may modulate host responses to low-oxygen stress. We hypothesize that this is due to selection for viral-encoded genes that influence host survivability rather than modulating host metabolic reactions withinmore »the ETNP OMZ. Together, this study shows that viruses are not only diverse throughout the water column in the ETNP, including the OMZ, but their infection of microorganisms has the potential to alter host physiological state within these biogeochemically important regions of the ocean.

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  2. ABSTRACT Synechococcus spp. are unicellular cyanobacteria that are globally distributed and are important primary producers in marine coastal environments. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Synechococcus sp. strain WH 8101 and identify genomic islands that may play a role in virus-host interactions.
  3. ABSTRACT Sideroxydans sp. strain CL21 is an aerobic Fe(II)-oxidizing bacterium isolated from peat sediment from the Fe-rich, moderately acidic Schlöppnerbrunnen fen (northern Bavaria, Germany). Here, we report the draft genome sequence of strain CL21, highlighting genes involved in Fe(II), sulfur, and H 2 oxidation.
  4. ABSTRACT The late Pleistocene Ice Complex (also known as Yedoma) encompasses ice-rich permafrost formed when alluvial and/or aeolian sediments accumulated under cold climatic conditions. Three metagenomes obtained from Yedoma deposits continually frozen for periods up to 60,000 years are reported here.
  5. ABSTRACT Microbiology Resource Announcements (MRA) provides peer-reviewed announcements of scientific resources for the microbial research community. We describe the best practices for writing an announcement that ensures that these publications are truly useful resources. Adhering to these best practices can lead to successful publication without the need for extensive revisions.