skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Sun, X."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2022
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2022
  3. Hydraulic fracture (or hydrofracture) can promote the propagation of meltwater-filled surface crevasses in glaciers and, in some cases, lead to full-depth penetration that can enhance basal sliding and iceberg calving. Here, we propose a novel poro-damage phase field model for hydrofracturing of glacier crevasses, wherein the crevasse is represented by a nonlocal damage zone and the effect of hydrostatic pressure due to surface meltwater is incorporated based on Biot’s poroelasticity theory. We find that the elastic strain energy decomposition scheme of Lo et al. (2019) with an appropriate fracture energy threshold can adequately represent the asymmetric tensile–compressive fracture behavior ofmore »glacier ice subjected to self-gravity loading. We assessed the performance of the model against analytical linear elastic fracture mechanics solutions by comparing their predictions of maximum crevasse penetration depth. The model simulates both surface crevasse propagation in the interior region of the glacier, as well as cliff failure in the terminus region. The excellent performance of the proposed model for air/water-filled surface crevasses in idealized land- and marine-terminating grounded glaciers illustrates its applicability to studying the dynamic response of glaciers to atmospheric warming.« less
  4. Abstract A recent focus of quantum spin liquid (QSL) studies is how disorder/randomness in a QSL candidate affects its true magnetic ground state. The ultimate question is whether the QSL survives disorder or the disorder leads to a “spin-liquid-like” state, such as the proposed random-singlet (RS) state. Since disorder is a standard feature of most QSL candidates, this question represents a major challenge for QSL candidates. YbMgGaO 4 , a triangular lattice antiferromagnet with effective spin-1/2 Yb 3+ ions, is an ideal system to address this question, since it shows no long-range magnetic ordering with Mg/Ga site disorder. Despite themore »intensive study, it remains unresolved as to whether YbMgGaO 4 is a QSL or in the RS state. Here, through ultralow-temperature thermal conductivity and magnetic torque measurements, plus specific heat and DC magnetization data, we observed a residual κ 0 / T term and series of quantum spin state transitions in the zero temperature limit for YbMgGaO 4 . These observations strongly suggest that a QSL state with itinerant excitations and quantum spin fluctuations survives disorder in YbMgGaO 4 .« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2022
  6. Aims. We study the relative helicity of active region (AR) NOAA 12673 during a ten-hour time interval centered around a preceding X2.2 flare (SOL2017-09-06T08:57) and also including an eruptive X9.3 flare that occurred three hours later (SOL2017-09-06T11:53). In particular, we aim for a reliable estimate of the normalized self-helicity of the current-carrying magnetic field, the so-called helicity ratio, | H J |/| H 𝒱 |, a promising candidate to quantity the eruptive potential of solar ARs. Methods. Using Solar Dynamics Observatory Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager vector magnetic field data as an input, we employ nonlinear force-free (NLFF) coronal magnetic fieldmore »models using an optimization approach. The corresponding relative helicity, and related quantities, are computed using a finite-volume method. From multiple time series of NLFF models based on different choices of free model parameters, we are able to assess the spread of | H J |/| H 𝒱 |, and to estimate its uncertainty. Results. In comparison to earlier works, which identified the non-solenoidal contribution to the total magnetic energy, E div / E , as selection criterion regarding the required solenoidal quality of magnetic field models for subsequent relative helicity analysis, we propose to use in addition the non-solenoidal contribution to the free magnetic energy, | E mix |/ E J , s . As a recipe for a reliable estimate of the relative magnetic helicity (and related quantities), we recommend to employ multiple NLFF models based on different combinations of free model parameters, to retain only those that exhibit smallest values of both E div / E and | E mix |/ E J , s at a certain time instant, to subsequently compute mean estimates, and to use the spread of the individually contributing values as an indication for the uncertainty.« less