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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 2, 2024
  2. Abstract

    Mass spectrometry (MS) is by far the most used experimental approach in high-throughput proteomics. The ProteomeXchange (PX) consortium of proteomics resources ( was originally set up to standardize data submission and dissemination of public MS proteomics data. It is now 10 years since the initial data workflow was implemented. In this manuscript, we describe the main developments in PX since the previous update manuscript in Nucleic Acids Research was published in 2020. The six members of the Consortium are PRIDE, PeptideAtlas (including PASSEL), MassIVE, jPOST, iProX and Panorama Public. We report the current data submission statistics, showcasing that the number of datasets submitted to PX resources has continued to increase every year. As of June 2022, more than 34 233 datasets had been submitted to PX resources, and from those, 20 062 (58.6%) just in the last three years. We also report the development of the Universal Spectrum Identifiers and the improvements in capturing the experimental metadata annotations. In parallel, we highlight that data re-use activities of public datasets continue to increase, enabling connections between PX resources and other popular bioinformatics resources, novel research and also new data resources. Finally, we summarise the current state-of-the-art in data management practices for sensitive human (clinical) proteomics data.

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  3. Abstract We developed a resource, the Arabidopsis PeptideAtlas (, to solve central questions about the Arabidopsis thaliana proteome, such as the significance of protein splice forms and post-translational modifications (PTMs), or simply to obtain reliable information about specific proteins. PeptideAtlas is based on published mass spectrometry (MS) data collected through ProteomeXchange and reanalyzed through a uniform processing and metadata annotation pipeline. All matched MS-derived peptide data are linked to spectral, technical, and biological metadata. Nearly 40 million out of ∼143 million MS/MS (tandem MS) spectra were matched to the reference genome Araport11, identifying ∼0.5 million unique peptides and 17,858 uniquely identified proteins (only isoform per gene) at the highest confidence level (false discovery rate 0.0004; 2 non-nested peptides ≥9 amino acid each), assigned canonical proteins, and 3,543 lower-confidence proteins. Physicochemical protein properties were evaluated for targeted identification of unobserved proteins. Additional proteins and isoforms currently not in Araport11 were identified that were generated from pseudogenes, alternative start, stops, and/or splice variants, and small Open Reading Frames; these features should be considered when updating the Arabidopsis genome. Phosphorylation can be inspected through a sophisticated PTM viewer. PeptideAtlas is integrated with community resources including TAIR, tracks in JBrowse, PPDB, and UniProtKB. Subsequent PeptideAtlas builds will incorporate millions more MS/MS data. 
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  4. null (Ed.)
    Wireless power transfer (WPT) has been widely used in IoT applications, such as mobile device charging, biomedical implants communication, and RFID field. Maximizing the power transfer efficiency (PTE) becomes one of the most crucial problems for designing the WPT systems. Magnetic induction (MI) beamforming has been proposed recently to maximize the PTE for the near field MIMO WPT systems. However, conventional magnetic beamforming in WPT systems usually requires accurate magnetic channel estimation, both amplitude and phase control of the charging source, which can not be achieved in an extreme environment. In this paper, we propose a novel magnetic induction beamforming scheme in MIMO WPT system using a reconfigurable metasurface. Instead of controlling the source currents or voltages, the reconfigurable metasurface can achieve near field beamforming only by varying the capacitor and resistance in specific coil array units. The beamforming is modeled as a discrete optimization problem and solved by using the Simulate Anneal (SA) method. Through the analytical and COMSOL simulation results, our proposed beamforming scheme can achieve approximately two times PTE of the conventional beamforming method in a 40 cm charging distance. 
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  5. Organ-specific proteins (OSPs) possess great medical potential both in clinics and in biomedical research. Applications of them—such as alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, and troponins—in clinics have raised certain concerns of their organ specificity. The dynamics and diversity of protein expression in heterogeneous human populations are well known, yet their effects on OSPs are less addressed. Here, we used mice as a model and implemented a breadth study to examine the panorgan proteome for potential variations in organ specificity in different genetic backgrounds. Using reasonable resources, we generated panorgan proteomes of four in-bred mouse strains. The results revealed a large diversity that was more profound among OSPs than among proteomes overall. We defined a robustness score to quantify such variation and derived three sets of OSPs with different stringencies. In the meantime, we found that the enriched biological functions of OSPs are also organ-specific and are sensitive and useful to assess the quality of OSPs. We hope our breadth study can open doors to explore the molecular diversity and dynamics of organ specificity at the protein level. 
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