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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 4, 2024
  2. Overlay cognitive radio (CR) networks include a primary and cognitive base station (BS) sharing the same frequency band. This paper focuses on designing a robust symbol-level pre-coding (SLP) scheme where the primary BS shares data and quantized channel state information (CSI) with the cognitive BS. The proposed approach minimizes the cognitive BS transmission power under symbol-wise Safety Margin (SM) constraints for both the primary and cognitive systems. We apply the additive quantization noise model to describe the statistics of the quantized PBS CSI and employ a stochastic constraint to formulate the optimization problem, which is then converted to be deterministic. Simulation results show that the robust SLP protects the primary users from the effect of the imperfect CSI and simultaneously offers significantly improved energy efficiency compared to nonrobust methods. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 4, 2024
  3. This paper explores reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS) for mitigating cross-system interference in spectrum sharing applications. Unlike conventional reflect-only RIS that can only adjust the phase of the incoming signal, a hybrid RIS is considered that can configure the phase and modulus of the impinging signal by absorbing part of the signal energy. We investigate two spectrum sharing scenarios: (1) Spectral coexistence of radar and communication systems, where a convex optimization problem is formulated to minimize the Frobenius norm of the channel matrix from the communication base station to the radar receiver, and (2) Spectrum sharing in device-to-device (D2D) communications, where a max-min scheme that optimizes the worst-case signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) among the D2D links is formulated, and then solved through fractional programming. Numerical results show that with a sufficient number of elements, the hybrid RIS can in many cases completely eliminate the interference, unlike a conventional non-absorptive RIS. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 4, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  5. One-bit digital-to-analog converters (DACs) are a practical and promising solution for reducing cost and power consumption in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. However, the one-bit precoding problem is NP-hard and even more challenging in frequency-selective fading channels compared to the flat-fading scenario. While block-wise processing (BWP) can effectively address the inter-symbol-interference (ISI) in frequency-selective fading channels, its computational complexity and processing delay can be too high for practical implementation. An alternative solution to alleviate the processing complexity and delay issues is symbol-wise processing (SWP) which sequentially designs the transmit signals. However, existing SWP work leaves unwanted interference for later signal designs. In this paper, we propose an SWP approach which can efficiently address the ISI even at the symbol rate. The idea is to design the transmit signal to not only be beneficial for its time slot, but also to provide constructive interference for subsequent symbols. We develop two active ISI processing methods that significantly outperform a conventional approach, one of which that even outperforms the BWP approach at low SNR. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 2, 2024
  6. Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) technology is a promising approach being considered for future wireless communications due to its ability to control signal propagation with low-cost elements. This paper explores the use of an RIS for clutter mitigation and target detection in radar systems. Unlike conventional reflect-only RIS, which can only adjust the phase of the reflected signal, or active RIS, which can also amplify the reflected signal at the cost of significantly higher complexity, noise, and power consumption, we exploit hybrid RIS that can configure both the phase and modulus of the impinging signal by absorbing part of the signal energy. Such RIS can be considered as a compromise solution between conventional reflect-only and active RIS in terms of complexity, power consumption, and degrees of freedoms (DoFs). We consider two clutter suppression scenarios: with and without knowledge of the target range cell. The RIS design is formulated by minimizing the received clutter echo energy when there is no information regarding the potential target range cell. This turns out to be a convex problem and can be efficiently solved. On the other hand, when target range cell information is available, we maximize the received signal-to-noise-plus-interference ratio (SINR). The resulting non-convex optimization problem is solved through fractional programming algorithms. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate the performance of the proposed hybrid RIS in comparison with conventional RIS in clutter suppression for target detection. 
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  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
  8. Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has become a promising technology for next-generation wireless communications systems due to its capability to provide access for multiple users on the same resource. In this paper, we consider an uplink power-domain NOMA system aided by a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) in the presence of a jammer that aims to maximize its interference on the base station (BS) uplink receiver. We consider two kinds of RISs, a regular RIS whose elements can only change the phase of the incoming wave, and an RIS whose elements can also attenuate the incoming wave. Our aim is to minimize the total power transmitted by the user terminals under quality-of-service constraints by controlling both the propagation from the users and the jammer to the BS with help of the RIS. The resulting objective function and constraints are both non-linear and non-convex, so we address this problem using numerical optimization. Our numerical results show that the RIS can help to dramatically reduce the per user required transmit power in an interference-limited scenario. 
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