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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 20, 2024
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    Manganese ([Mn(CO) 3 ]) and rhenium tricarbonyl ([Re(CO) 3 ]) complexes represent a workhorse family of compounds with applications in a variety of fields. Here, the coordination, structural, and electrochemical properties of a family of mono- and bimetallic [Mn(CO) 3 ] and [Re(CO) 3 ] complexes are explored. In particular, a novel heterobimetallic complex featuring both [Mn(CO) 3 ] and [Re(CO) 3 ] units supported by 2,2′-bipyrimidine (bpm) has been synthesized, structurally characterized, and compared to the analogous monomeric and homobimetallic complexes. To enable a comprehensive structural analysis for the series of complexes, we have carried out new single crystal X-ray diffraction studies of seven compounds: Re(CO) 3 Cl(bpm), anti -[{Re(CO 3 )Cl} 2 (bpm)], Mn(CO) 3 Br(bpz) (bpz = 2,2′-bipyrazine), Mn(CO) 3 Br(bpm), syn - and anti -[{Mn(CO 3 )Br} 2 (bpm)], and syn -[Mn(CO 3 )Br(bpm)Re(CO) 3 Br]. Electrochemical studies reveal that the bimetallic complexes are reduced at much more positive potentials (Δ E ≥ 380 mV) compared to their monometallic analogues. This redox behavior is consistent with introduction of the second tricarbonyl unit which inductively withdraws electron density from the bridging, redox-active bpm ligand, resulting in more positive reduction potentials. [Re(CO 3 )Cl] 2 (bpm) was reduced with cobaltocene; the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of the product exhibits an isotropic signal (near g = 2) characteristic of a ligand-centered bpm radical. Our findings highlight the facile synthesis as well as the structural characteristics and unique electrochemical behavior of this family of complexes. 
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  4. Alkylation of d - or l -phenylalanine or valine alkyl esters was carried out using methyl or phenyl Grignard reagents. Subsequent condensation with salicylaldehyde, 3,5-di- tert -butylsalicylaldehyde, or 5-fluorosalicylaldehyde formed tridentate, X 2 L type, Schiff base ligands. Chiral shift NMR confirmed retention of stereochemistry during synthesis. X-ray crystal structures of four of the ligands show either inter- or intramolecular hydrogen bonding interactions. The ligands coordinate to the titanium reagents Ti(NMe 2 ) 4 or TiCl(NMe 2 ) 3 by protonolysis and displacement of two equivalents of HNMe 2 . The crystal structure of one example of Ti(X 2 L)Cl(NMe 2 ) was determined and the complex has a distorted square pyramidal geometry with an axial NMe 2 ligand. The bis-dimethylamide complexes are active catalysts for the ring closing hydroamination of di- and trisubstituted aminoallenes. The reaction of hepta-4,5-dienylamine at 135 °C with 5 mol% catalyst gives a mixture of 6-ethyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine (40–72%) and both Z - and E -2-propenyl-pyrrolidine (25–52%). The ring closing reaction of 6-methyl-hepta-4,5-dienylamine at 135 °C with 5 mol% catalyst gives exclusively 2-(2-methyl-propenyl)-pyrrolidine. The pyrrolidine products are obtained with enantiomeric excesses up to 17%. 
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